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Lecture #22 Monday, March 29, 2004
ADVANCES FROM THE BANK OF CANADA
Suppose the reserve rates at the chartered banks fall below the desired ratio. They borrow funds from the
Bank of Canada:
Chartered Banks
Reserves: +100 (DD at
Bank of Canada)
Advances from Bank of
Canada: +100
Bank of Canada
Advances to Chartered
Banks: +100
DD: +100 (Chartered
Banks)
No direct increase in the money supply rare case, usually repaid quickly.
Bank Rate: Interest rate charged by the Bank of Canada for advances.
Reflects the short-term interest rates influences the interest rates.
Can either encourage/discourage banks to keep reserves indirectly expand or contract money
supply.
FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
Canadian Dollars Foreign Exchange
Import : Supply Demand
Export : Demand Supply
Capital Inflow : Demand Supply
Capital Outflow : Supply Demand
EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEMS
Consider a rise in Can/F. Foreign exchange is
now more valuable:
S is positively sloped: X, FE supplied .
D is negatively sloped: M, FE demanded .
Depreciation in Canadian dollars.
Flexible Exchange Rates
Government doesnt intervene demand and supply determine the exchange rate.
Can/F
FE
S
D
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