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[ENG150Y1] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 24 pages long Study Guide!


Department
English
Course Code
ENG150Y1
Professor
Adleen Crapo
Study Guide
Midterm

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UTSG
ENG150Y1
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Montaigne: Des Cannibales
humanist
noble blood
Montaigne is originator of the essay
influenced by Rabelais and reading the same people as Rabelais
less interested in changing things
he is luckier, thinking tower in his caste
hears stories from sailors coming back from the New World
interested in Protestants even though his is Catholic
looks at Brazilians and tries to prove that they are cannibals
his is sceptical of “customs”
and what we do regularly even though it does not make any sense
why we do the same things in the same place in the same way
“savagery” vs civilization
what does legitimacy derive from?
life of otium (latin word for leisure)
renaissance idea that he lives contemplative life
Charle IX and several Amerindians (even though they do not necessarily understand it) in a procession at
Rouen
to show power over Amerindians and how they are okay with colonialism
ceremony important to french colonialists
part of ceremonial display of French power, governance
interest to Montaigne
Amerindians found it weird that the King of France was a sick child
Legitimacy (for French reader) and Montaigne will come through a culture’s connection to the Ancients
(Greco - Roman culture)
Anecdotes and allusions to Greek and Roman figures bookmark the beginning and end of essay
Tradition from Greek and Romans
i.e. a lot of references to Aristotle and Plato & Lyargus and even Atlantis, references to Barbarians
(foreigners to Greeks)
French were not always civilized, they lost battle of the Gauls at Alesia and became civilized
Montaigne points out that the French judicial system is rather barbaric in it’s cruel way of dealing with
disobeying the law (i.e. practice of tying limbs to different horses and pulling them apart as a punishment)
Through negation and anaphora, Montaigne paints a portrait of the ‘noble savage’
‘This is a people, I would say to Plato, among whom there is no commerce at all, no knowledge of letters,
numbers, no judges, political superiority, habits of service, riches or poverty, contracts inheritance, divisions
of property, occupations but easy ones, respect for any relation except ordinary family ones, clothes,
agriculture, metal, use of wine or wheat. The very words which mean “lie”, “treason:, “deception” “greed”,
“envy”, “slander” and “forgiveness” are unknown.”
points out what they don’t have, a contrast to European culture, what they don’t have
they are like use but perfect, do not have an vices, Europeans are the true civilized ones
Little bit of the otium
Not wearing clothes is big because it invokes Adam and Eve, innocent “contemporary ancestors”
popularized by Montaigne but not with this trope
No word for bribery because it was such a common practice that there was no need to define it
Just because there isn’t a word for something, doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist
use of the word ‘sauvage’ which for the moment in French meant ‘ wild, untamed ‘ or ‘not the product of
agriculture’
‘ sauvage ‘ quickly turns into a racial slur
Montaigne’s legacy was assured by Marie le Jars de Gourney
his children did not survive but he adopted Marie essentially
she was a partisan of the women in the Quenelle des femmes, a rhetorical, textual adaptor
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he was read because he was just ‘racy’ enough for the French population
she published posthumous editions of the Essais
he translated in England by John Florio (Italian Calvinist)
Evolution of the word Savagery
Nicot wrote first only french dictionary “Treasure of the French Language”
First: outside process of agriculture
end of 17th century —> outside of political systems, idiot (who does not vote), don’t like society, who are not
a part of European civilization
one of the most alarming and least ‘civilized’ aspects of contemporary French/ Europeans culture is its
tendency to violently persecute based on religion
Europeans often follow custom without paying attention to its necessity/ origin
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