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plato and nussbaum

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PARAPHRASE(most recent reading)
Two parts: 6-8 factual questions (will be required to answer 5) Questions that will
test basic knowledge (reading) of essays
Part two: about 3 questions, designed to invite you to apply what we have learned to
one of the two texts listed in
Content (thesis statement, originality and sophistication of, development of the
thesis, knowledge of criticism and literary theory, argument has to draw from the
text and be grounded within it, using evidence to support this)
Form and structure (way in which work is organized, logic and coherence, choice
and mastery of literary techniques)
Style (diction and syntax, mastery of vocabulary, grammar) title page, citations
Formalist Criticism (focuses on the literary text itself/objective criticism):
Few were concerned with this type of criticism, the concern was centered around the
meaning of the text and less with the form of the text, however it has now been
established that form is the meaning
Aristotle (exception) because thought of the form of Tragic, Comedic, and Epic
Internal meaning has become outside reference and the outer form has become
Formalist criticism focuses on the literary form as such
A critic should be an objective interpreter of the text, their previous knowledge and
experience, etc. should not impact their judgment and evaluation of a text
This is not possible, because to be entirely impersonal is to be deadAdvice to a
Young Wife from an Old Mistress
American New Criticism
Literary meaning arises from the interplay between all of the constitutive linguistic
elements that comprise the texture of a poem, play, noel, story, etc. and/or from their
intertextual relationships (that a particular text has) with other texts
The meaning of a literary text is self-referential and autonomous, it doesnt have a
relationship with something outside of it.
The meaning of a literary text is fixed and stable; therefore, we can decode a text by
objectively analyzing its constitutive elements
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