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List of terms for Eng Final.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Nick Mount

List of terms for Eng140 The continuation of a sentence beyond the second line of a couplet. Now also Enjambment applied less restrictively to the carrying over of a sentence from one line to the next. pattern of measured sound units recurring more or less regularly in the line Meter of verse. Poetry based on the natural rhythms of phrases and normal pauses rather than Free Verse the artificial constraints of metrical feet. A comparison or analogy stated in such a way as to imply that one object is Metaphor another one, figuratively speaking. An analogy or comparison implied by using an adverb such as like or as, in Simile contrast with a metaphor which figuratively makes the comparison by stating outright that one thing is another thing. This figure of speech is of great antiquity. It is common in both prose and verse works. A figure of speech which consists in substituting for the name of a thing the Metonymy name of an attribute of it or of something closely related. A figure by which a more comprehensive term is used for a less Synecdoche comprehensive or vice versâ; as whole for part or part for whole, genus for species or species for genus, etc. Lyric poem is a genre of poetry that expresses personal and emotional feelings. Motif A conspicuous recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature. The subject of discourse, discussion, conversation, meditation, or Theme composition; a topic. A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage Allusion of literature, often without explicit identification. A word, place, character, or object that means something beyond what it is Symbol on a literal level. Allegory Two levels of signification. Irony The recognition of inconsistencies and the exploitation of it. Narrative/Narrator The "voice" that speaks or tells a story. Can be 1st 2nd or 3rd person. Frame Narrative The story within a story that lends authentication to the apparent truth. Characterization Representation of a person in a story. Protagonist The main character in a work, on whom the author focuses most of the narrative attention. Genre A set of common conventions that lead to expectations. Discourse the way a story is told These postmodern writers mingle and juxtapose realistic events with fantastic ones, or they experiment with shifts in time and setting, Magic Realism "labyrinthine narratives and plots" and "arcane erudition" (135), and often they combine myths and fairy stories with gritty Hemingway-esque detail. This mixture create truly dreamlike and bizarre effects in their prose. An attack on or criticism of any stupidity or vice in the form of scathing Satire humor, or a critique of what the author sees as dangerous religious, political, moral, or social standards. is a designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1960s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved from their work. Their work expressed the The Absurd belief that human existence has no meaning or purpose and therefore all communication breaks down. Logical construction and argument gives way to irrational and illogical speech and to its ultimate conclusion, silence. as a popular meaning, is any humorous discourse or work generally intended Comedy to amuse by creating laughter, especially in literature. A serious play or novel in which the chief character, by some peculiarity of Tragedy psychology, passes through a series of misfortunes leading to a final, devastating catastrophe. Tragi-Comedy A experimental literary work--either a play or prose piece of fiction-- containing elements common to both comedies and tragedies. An epic in its most specific sense is a genre of classical poetry. It is a poem that is (a) a long narrative about a serious subject, (b) told in an elevated style of language, (c) focused on the exploits of a hero or demi-god who represents Epic the cultural values of a race, nation, or religious group (d) in which the hero's success or failure will determine the fate of that people or nation. Usually, the epic has (e) a vast setting, and covers a wide geographic area, (f) it contains superhuman feats of strength or military prowess, and gods or supernatural beings frequently take part in the action. The poem begins with (g) the invocation of a muse to inspire the poet and, (h) the narrative starts in medias res (see above). (i) The epic contains long catalogs of heroes or important characters, focusing on highborn kings and great warriors rather than peasants and commoners. Writing in which a character's perceptions, thoughts, and memories are presented in an apparently random form, without regard
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