ENG237 Science Fiction REVISION.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Mike Johnstone

ENG237 Science Fiction REVISIONConcepts The Problems of Science Fiction Excluded only for a certain type of community Actively dismissed and marginalized kept away from the center of true proper literary worthinessCommunity that appreciates and reads science fiction actively separates itself and talks to itself Isnt mainstream therefore illegitimateReading SF How and when do we know or suspect that a work is SF What are the signs or codes or clues that tell us a work is SF What expectations and assumptions do we bring to works of SFDifference otherness the strange the unfamiliar the newOther estranging povs perspectives subjectivitiesRepurposing and repositioning of languageChallenge received ideologies Our scientific empirical rational worldview our practices and beliefs related to sex sexuality and reproduction our relationship towith technology What is SFVoyages extraordinaries Jules Verne 1870sScientific romances HGWells 1890sScientific fictionscientifictionscience fiction Hugo Gernsback 1920sSpeculative fiction Robert Heinlein 1940sScifi film TVSF literary forms The term solidified the community Oxymoron Sciencekind of practice specific ideological discourse and language imperial and logical experience of the world Fictionimaginative and speculative not true Addresses the impact of science and technologyHistorical cultural approach materialist mode of literature The want and ownership Sense of something that is tangible Things matter Seen in Greek Darwin late scientific of Victorian era Legitimized into the social and cultural and historical contextTropes and conventions of SFSpaceships interplanetary interstellar travelAliens the encounter with the alienAdvanced or unusual technologyMechanical robots genetic engineering biological robots cyborgsTime travelAlternative historyFuturistic utopias and dystopias Formal and aesthetic approach The encounter with differenceWorlds that are radically different than our own in some wayDislocation displacement disjunctionDefamiliarization Newness the newOtherness alterityThis is signaled by Setting Space future or alternate Earth another planet a spaceship alien environments and cultures a technologically highly advanced society Characters Robots machines AIs Aliens transhumans posthumans cyborgs Subjects explores presents challenges us with a variety of other even alien positions ie perspectives identities individualities consciousness selves etcDystopias and Utopias in SF Utopia Qualities and Themes in SFTechnological optimismIdeal justice tranquility and enlightenmentA world better than our ownSuppression of difference and individualismSatirical critique of the real world Dystopia Qualities and Themes in SFTechnology as dehumanizingNightmare antiutopianOppressive conditionsCrisis and anxietyNegative consequences of current trends cautionary warningSatirical critique of the present Cognitive Estrangement Darko Suvin SF as the literature of cognitive estrangement Extrapolating and totalizing scientific rigor New norms Attitude of estrangement Formal framework Cognitive glancea literary genre whose necessary and sufficient conditions are the presence and interaction of estrangement and cognition and whose main formal device is an imaginative framework alternative tothe authors empirical environment Seeing the norm in a new kind of way Render unfamiliar and unlikea warning fundamentally subversive genre an educational literature irreversibly shaped by preaching the good word of human curiosity fear and hope ability to promote social change Roger Luckhurst criticizes profoundly prescriptive and judgmental rigor of cognition not historical but political high cultural disdain Russian Formalism Uri Margolin Heightened awareness making them see things anew Disrupting or radically modifying the familiar creating instead novelty surprise strangeness and unfamiliarity with regard to one or more of themDefamiliarization Slowing down and the increased difficulty of the process of reading and comprehending and an awareness of the artistic procedures devices causing them
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