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Midterm

ENG237 Term Test 1 Study Sheet

4 Pages
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Department
English
Course Code
ENG237H1
Professor
Mike Johnstone

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Description
TermTest 1 StudySheet Robinson, Kim Stanley • Bookerprizegivenoutmostlytohistoricalnovels • Historicalnovelsnotabout"now" Roberts, Adam • Genresciencefictionawayfromrespectableliterature • It'sageneral • PinSFback to ancientgreekliterature(thoughbettercalledpre-SF) • Empiricalscience(WesternProtestantfocus)vsFantasy(Catholics) • Expansiveandmaterialistic;physical • "Technologyfiction" • Enframingtheworldtoseetheworldfromadifferentway Flood, Alison • SFhas becomeaself-enclosedworld • "Specialroominbookshops""specialkindofperson""specialweirdthingstheygoto" Barber, John • AtwoodinsiststheYearoftheFloodisnotSF • SFtakesplace"somewherefarinspace,far,faraway inadistantgalaxy"-Atwood Iser, Wolfgang • SFisestrangingus,drawingnewboundaries • Becomingthealien Luckhurst, Roger • HugoGernsback:ScientificfictiontoScientificationbecameScienceFiction • CanonlytalkaboutSF post1880 • Changesyoursenseofnormal • Tiedtoindustrialrevolution • CheaperformsofpublicationallowedfordevelopmentofpulpsandpulpSF • Givesamoodof wonder • SFisdifferentbutstillobeysrationalcausationorscientificlaw • ThinksSuvinistoojudgementalandrestrictswhatSFmeans ○ NotallSFis clearlyfromscientificrigor ○ Highculturaldisdainforpopularculture;excludingSFfromworld ○ Castasidepulpworks Jones, Gwyneth • IconsofSF aresignannouncingthegenretowarn thatthisisa differentworld Le Guin, Ursula K. • SFisa metaphor • Drawnfromcertaingreatdominantsofourcontemporarylife Suvin, Darko Suvin, Darko • CognitiveEstrangement ○ Takingfromeverydayworldandextrapolatingintopossibilitiesinthefuture ○ Seethingsinanewan unfamiliarway ○ Epistemologicalbutalsochallenegesuswithnewthings ○ Butisplausiblebasedonscience(vsFantasywhichisimpossible) ○ FromRussianFormalism'sconceptofdefamiliarization  Essentialfoexperienceofart  Disruptspreviousknowledgebyaddingstragemness ○ Diagnosis;warning,calltounderstandingandaction ○ "Educationliterature" Formal/AestheticApproach • SFistheencounterwithdifference ○ Otherness • Setting,characters,etc.signalsdifferences TheOther • Alien • Thatwhichisdifferent,subjugated,objectified • Essentialtohowadominategroupmaintainspower Watts, Peter "TheThing" • POV:Fromthealien • Characters:Thing,Childs,MacReady(leader) • Summary: ○ Aliencanchangeshapesand"takecommunion"withotherlifeformsthathavesouls ○ CrashedonEarth ○ Biomassisinterchangeable ○ TriestochangeHumansto makethemmore adapted ○ Findsitstrangethathumanscannotchange shape ○ RealizestherearemultiplesoulsonEarth • Majorpoints ○ Adaptationissurvivalandpleasurable;buttheworlddoesn'twanttochange ○ Useoftheword "rape"->on purposeknowingly? Weinbaum "AMartian Odyssey" • POV:Jarvistellinghisstory • Characters:Jarvis,Tweel,Aresexpeditioncrew • Summary: ○ JarvisgotstrandedoutinMars and had towalkback to themain camp ○ Metabird-likemartianhecalledTweel  HesavesTweelfromadreambeast ○ FindsTweeltobeintelligent ○ Meetspyramidmonstermadeofsilica ○ M
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