plato and nussbaum cont

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University of Toronto St. George

04:50 autonomous, it doesnt have a relationship with something outside of it. The meaning of a literary text is fixed and stable; therefore, we can decode a text by objectively analyzing its constitutive elements Method: Formalists tend to be very rigorous, analytical, and systematic Constitutive linguistic elementswords, phrases, syntax, etc. Generic conventionsallusions, images, rhythm, structure, figures of speech, tone, movement, dialogue, lighting, mise en scene, characterization, setting, themes, etc. that are peculiar to the genre Rhetorical devices: ambiguities and ironies, litotes and understatements, catachreses, etc. by which the text expresses or withholds meaning Extraneous Matter: Formalists do not read literature as a communicative apparatus to anything outside of the literature or in the real world ReaderAffective Fallacy or belief that the reader can determine what the text means by analyzing the emotional, intellectual, and physical reactions it has aroused in himher Contextundecidablecannot determine the context of a literary work of art Messageparaphrastic statements about poems outline their themes (what they are about), not what their core meanins is Cleanth Brooks The heresy of paraphrase A: The Poem: a poem is not about something, it is about itself Sum of its constituent elements conceived as a total pattern, the structure of which is determined by those constituent elements taken together Simulates reality by being an experience rather than any mere statement about experience or any mere abstraction from experience. The notion of structure occurs over and over B: Its Structure: meanings and evaluations and interpretations that are unified by the principles of blancing and harmonizing connotations, attitudes, and meanings into a totality that consists of dissimilar rather than similar elemesnts Gestures or attitudes in the poem arising from modifications and qualifications that constituent elements makes to one another. Irony: is privileged as the primary rhetorical device in poetry C: Its constituent elements: Irony, Ambiguity, Paradox, Metaphor D: Its Meaning: the internal order set up by the poems constituent elements in its inner core tather than What the poem is aboutparaphraseable content (this lies outside the poem) E: Comment:
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