FAH262H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 33 pages long!)

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30 Nov 2017
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FAH262H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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FAH265H1: Monuments of The Islamic World
Tuesday, September 12th Lecture 1
Historic Islamic Empire
-Multitude of civilizations, diversity in environment and culture
-There is no uniform or monolithic world of Islam
Ancient Structures
Architectural Language Associated w/ Mosques
-Dome
-Minarets
-Courtyard
Course Timeline
7th -12th c.
Context: Thinking in Layers
-Historical Background
-Patron/ Location
-Cultural Significance
Historical Context
-Battling Empires
-The Sasanians and the Byzantines
-The cultural Makeup of the Late Antique World
Islamic Empire
Arises in the 6th & 7th Century in the Arabian Peninsula
Islamic: is a Monotheistic religion which follows one God
Sasanian Empire: Iraq (Non Christian) Zoroastrism*
Byzantine: Eastern Roman Empire (Christian)
Arabian Peninsula
Mecca, Founder of Muslim Religion Prophet Mohammad was born
Eastern Region
-Persepolis (c.500-460)
Founded as the center of an Empire (in Modern Day Iran)
Ground Floor Plan:
-Method of graphic/visual representation of reading a building
-Understanding Structure, Space, and Function
-Palace includes two main spaces of Audience one serving as a public front and the
other serving for private uses
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Façade Illustration
-Monumental Structure
Interior Pavilion Sketch
-Audience Hall: Served for Ruler to hold audience
- Functionally most architectural space serves no purpose
-Scale of space on the horizontal plane, is for the people
-The King/Ruler stands like an Institution
-Monumentality, Grandeur, and Scale
Complex Architectural Features:
-Double Headed Bull Column Capital
-Power of the bull is being co-opted by the King
-This is a space of Power and Intimidation
- Exterior Palace Relief
-Mythical Lion/Beast devouring antelope
-Iconography used to try to convey power
-Partians: (250BCE-226CE)
Labbana Palace, first century CE, four-iwan courtyard
-Iwans/Ivans: open spaces off of the central courtyards
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