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FOR200H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 27 pages long!)


Department
Forestry
Course Code
FOR200H1
Professor
Faisal Moola
Study Guide
Final

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UTSG
FOR200H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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FOR200 Lecture 1 - Conservation of Canada’s Forests. September 11th, 2017
Course Objectives:
Canada is one of the top 50 most urbanized countries
More than half of our GDP was generated from the economic productivity of 5 cities.
Toronto is the 4th most populous city in North America.
It’s the most forested city in Canada (29% tree cover).
Governments respond to infrastructure deficits during times of crisis.
The distribution of urban forest canopy is not equitable in the city.
Biodiversity - Ecosystem Services of Urban Green Space:
Green living infrastructure:
Green roofs reduce the demand for heating and cooling, allow for stormwater
collection, and provide habitat for biodiversity.
Reduces costs for the system.
2.6 billion/ year is the total value of benefits from natural capital in the Greater Toronto
Area.
Urban forests and wetlands help us fight climate change by sequestering and storing
greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
They also offset emissions by creating oxygen.
Wetlands filter drinking water and protect communities from flooding.
Toronto’s forest are storing 1.1 million metric tonnes of carbon.
Equivalent to the emissions of 733,000 automobiles.
Riparian ecosystems help to store, filter, and regulate flood waters.
Riparian systems: are situated on the banks of rivers.
Health Benefits - Ecosystem Services of Urban Green Space:
Ecohealth: is the relationship between human and environmental health.
There’s a causal relationship between the presence of trees and human health.
Access to nature improves our physical and mental health and wellbeing.
Provide opportunities for physical activity.
Allow for more social interactions.
Higher levels of residential green space can mitigate cardiometabolic disease by
lowering blood pressure and stress levels, lowering obesity rates, and better overall
health perception.
Green spaces reduce exposure to air pollutants by reducing smog.
Indicators of social wellbeing are improved with access to green spaces.
Most positive results were shown by people in diverse ecosystems.
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Green Space:
Features in Green Spaces:
Trees, woodlands, meadows, lakes, rivers, streams, scenic views, plants, birds,
ponds, gardens, and wildlife.
Types of Green Spaces:
Urban and rural parks, conservation areas, community and home gardens,
farmland, green roofs, cemeteries, multi-use trails, sports fields, beaches etc.
Ecological Services of Bees:
80% of all flowering plant species are dependent on pollination.
The service of bee pollination is worth up to 100x more than the value for their honey.
Insect pollination is responsible for $1 billion worth of produce in Canada each year.
Extreme Weather:
Natural capital and green infrastructure are able to mitigate the effects of extreme
weather events.
Catastrophic events are becoming commonplace due to climate change.
Figure 1: Species at Risk - Vancouver.
The City of Vancouver and its suburbs are a hotspot for species at risk.
Three Main Strategies for Conservation:
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