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GGR100H1 Study Guide - Colonialism, Edward Said, Eurocentrism

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Joseph Leydon

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Laura Kisses (
Orientalism: false assumptions and Western attitudes towards
the Middle East and Asia
Edward Said challenged the concept of orientalism [difference
between east and west]
Very Eurocentric view; Europeans tended to divide the world into
two; orient and occident and saw themselves are more dominant
than the orients
The Europeans generalized the characteristics of the orients and
used this view as a justification of their colonization
Informal Sector (Jobs)
Includes odd jobs such as watching parked cars or cleaning
Usually low paid, long hours, minimum to no benefits and
unskilled work; jobs in the informal sector usually involve
monetary exchanges and are therefore not always accounted for
by the government
The informal sector helps to alleviate poverty by supplying other
jobs to those in need but often it doesn’t pay them enough
More prominent in low-income countries
Ancient Cities of East Asia
Xi’An is a classic and traditional Chinese city in which has
influenced other countries such as Japan to model their cities
after Xi’An. Traditional Chinese cities reflected the Chinese view
of the universe
Beijing: rebuilt in 1260 and was destroyed afterwards with the
fall of the Mongols. It was composed of the forbidden city,
imperial city, inner and the outer city
Less Instructive role of colonialism in Cities of East Asia
Commodities such as nutmeg and cinnamon were among the
goods that sparked European colonial influence in Southeast Asia
International trade: long distance trade between China and India
which led to the appearance of a series of cities along the coast
of the Malay Peninsula
Portuguese and the Dutch were the first European colonists to
arrive in East Asia; the Portuguese were seeking to trade and
impose Christianity in the region of Japan and introduced fire
arms and military technology into Japan which was one of their
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