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GGR124- Study Notes.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

GGR124 Urbanization, Contemporary Cities and Urban Life Assignment #1 (Capturing the City) (name, date, student number, course code, teacher name, TA name) - Take a picture that helps define what the city means Ex. Understanding Toronto as a place of tolerance, place of multiculturalism - 1 paragraph (250-350 words) - a. Define the city - b. explain how the picture helps illustrate that *speak in 1 person ex. I define the city as -No contractions (don’t , won’t ) Assignment #2 (Decoding the city) - Find a newspaper article - 500 words (2 page double spaced) - Find bias (who says it, define the bias) Assignment #3 (Analyzing Urban ethnic communities) - Pick an ethnic community - Analyze the community (collect stats, historical data) - 4/5 pages (1000 /1250 words) - 250 words double spaced - Thesis statement Final Exam 40% - 2 hours - Lecture material and required readings - Definitions and short essays How do we build a definition of “the urban” and “the city”? -  Human Geography: how have humans altered and continue to alter the landscape and environment - Urban Geography: the relationship between society and space in cities. Geography- Space- is a site for things to happen, it is not a background - space is always changing, it is always influencing who we are and we influence what it is - Cities occur in space Place- is the particular location where varying sets of socio-spatial relations interact (HOME is space, where you determine HOME is would be PLACE) - Place can never be duplicated, it appears different to everybody Territoriality- The tendency for particular groups within a society to attempt to establish some form of control, dominance, or exclusively within a localized area - Humans trying to assert their dominance over particular areas Scale- A socially constructed representation of space where social relations play out across them (ex. Body, the neighborhood, nation) - Scale helps humans understand space Urban Change - Cities are systems within systems of cities, we must ask what kinds of systems? Types of Change (processes) - Cultural (arts) - Environmental - Economic - Demographic (age, sex, gender, family status) - Political (state structure_ - Technological (communication) - Social (groups of people) In order for an area to be considered Urban the population must have a population of at least 1000 and no fewer than 400 persons per square kilometer Defining the “City” -A community of substantial size and population density that shelters non- agricultural people especially elites My definition of a City - A community with a substantial number of people, so it cannot be considered a town - An area with social classes including a governing force - How is the definition of a city informed by various theories and approaches? 1920- Human Ecology approach –Park and Burgess - Generalization 1950- The Regional tradition- case studies - No generalizations 1960- Spatial Analysis approach- calculations - Only decisions made were by numbers 1970- Behavioral Approach vs. Humanistic approach- actios an
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