GGR254 Reading Summaries.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Robert Lewis

Agnew and Sharp: “America, frontier nation: from abstract space to worldly place” • Geographical imagination • Concept of spreadingAmerican beliefs and ideas globally • America wanted to be seen as the best and brightest in the eyes of the world Richard Schien: “Populating the continent: the post-Columbian experience” • Push and pull factors of migration • European imperialism • British then French colonial settlement • Spanish and Dutch colonial settlement • African presence through slavery • Annexation of nativeAmericans • Urban settlement • Native land rights, assimilation and segregation, cultural identities, political power, and access to resources all contribute to trends of migration David R Meyer: “The National Integration of Regional Economies 1860-1920” • Changes in the integration of mechanisms of transportation and communication provide a perspective on the evolution of regional specialization in agriculture, lumbering, mining, and manufacturing Steven High: “The Deindustrialized Heartland” • Executives wanted to reduced labor costs o This led to millions of people losing their jobs and high levels of unemployment • Moved their manufacturing plants from one place to another in the blink of an eye • While the manufacturing belt inAmerica closed it’s doors, the same did not occur in southern Ontario • The deindustrialization of parts of the industrial heartland came about arsena27through corporate strategies to run away from high wages and rigid work practices and to phase out older, less profitable facilities that employed older unionized workforces Dewey Grantham: “The Sunbelt South” • Sunbelt created a new southern economy • The post-war south was no longer just an appendage of the north, but now an integral part of the continental US • Ahealthier, more prosperous economy developed Paul Knox: “Social Interaction and Residential Segregation” • Primary vs. secondary relationships • Territoriality • Foundations of racial segregation o Social status o Household type o Ethnicity Charles F. Casey-Leiniger: “Making the second Ghetto in Cincinnati-Avondale, 1925-1970 • The formation of black ghettos in the north occurred during WWI when blacks from the south migrated to the north in
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