Realism 121016 6:09 PM
Reality, realistic, Realism
France and Britain
•Visual representation is difficult to define, realism
•Reality : thing out there in the world as subject
•Realistic: seems to accord with the way we see and believe the world to be.
•Realism : the first two vocab is more easy to understand , but realism is sth particular to the 19 th
century , different from previous realistic representation in the world before.
In some basic sense, at the heart of what the painting supposed to be about , this classic
story of history of art,
A painting illustration of principle : a particular natural history that the ancient painter is
trying to achieve realism in painting,
Painting grapes in the painting
oRealize : the Zuke ??
o points here: what’s distinct about 19 century . materiality of those, whatis not a
medialy , what’s behind that curtain
o rethink the distinction btw, evidence and face / act of perception and act of
imagination , / realistic and irrealistic
Gerrit Dou, Self Portrait 1650
•Artisit able to provide multiple layers of reality as the demonstrations of
•Self portrait : his book is leaning out of a ledge, the head is niched him in , outside the window, , ,
the label is out space •Complex fitch of treasury the curtain is supposedly self painting representation
•Dou is the successful and highly paid painter fortunes name brand achieve => in history,
ability to make a picture is associated with the ability to depict realistic ???
Robert Bechtle, 61 Pontiac 1968,
•California painter Bechtle
•look very much like family , desire to create picture to attain the highly conseamable effect, 1960s’
realism is diff from Ductch golden age and the 19 Realism
What make 19 fRench realism distinct from other period,
•1 subject matter,
•2. Contemporaneity ,
“it is good to descend , or if you will, rise once more to the classes that scarcely ever had the privilege of
being studied and put into the light by painting ,,, the portrait of the worker in his smock is certainly worth as
much as the portrait of a prince in his golden robes” thermophile Thore , 1863
“they do not content themselves with …”
•to digest , connection btw , lives within the painter and painting. The Single post of the moment ,
realistic reveal of life
omotivate things like that
Edouard Manet, Asparagus, 1880 •Great painter, sold to his patron a larger than the actual 800 . bunch of the spa rick
o“day is coming then a single original carrot will be pregnant with revolution” Emile Zola
there is some motion simple decision to paint a simple daily thing to be a
harbor political waves
Gustave Courbet, The Stonebreakers 1849, Destroyed during WWII
•Stone breakers : two labors, one is young and one older, their work is to divide stones into smaller
to pave the road,
•People who are laboring for a wave
•Their patched over pants on the right older figure,
•The younger man is Doomed to become the older man within his class without any other chance
•Direct reply echoes English landscape we talked before
close up here in detail about the figures in the distance,
but no face, just symbols of labor class, the work in the painting can defined their class
and work and status.
•Reaction secene of labor subject worthy of large scale of labor , limits of reproduce the
social class ,,,
Courbet, Burial at Ornans 1849
•Lineage his background as sb like the outsider, here is actually his rural home town make
viewers surprised about the rural reality
•Funeral role possession Grech god ? high fashion of Italian thing
oReligious figure’s wearing
oHe is looking at the sort of people in the back following the poccession ??
oThe dog just walking around the hole as realistic way oAlso like GOYA AND DAVID, scene of death , the ritual here everyday scene from
the rural bourgeoisie life, because the scene is unremarkable at all , so normal and
•Cannot find any hero here, very specific reckoned in the geographically painting,
•Life transact class burial possessions,
Universal experience which will happen to everyone,
Showing the human life experience instead of showing any kings heroes.
The moment in French, major Male in French after 1848 arrangement , devote is
If not an urban elite , have to compete with people who r in the endless labor
working class this is why Courbet’s painting is so attracting to elites
Courbet, Young Laides from the Village Giving Alms to a Cowherd in a Valley of Ornans, 1852
•Provincial women , women form countryside,
o1852, in terms of fashion , these women is already out of fashion though still dressed up.
oGiving treasure to the country girl, offer her pity,
oNewvorish dress up like fansy women , mockery entire motion of social class,
defined self, newvorision class, removed from the world of poor,
In a moment of increasing eyes and
To protect their interest
•Response is unease take him to task to formal appearance to the painting ,
oStrange way that social class is graphed into space,
oUnevenly cut horizontally
oCut into 2 : women and girl (drop into the mounatain ) / cows
Political : literally stand out of the society, agriculture , into most of the society ? Courbet, Bathers 1853
•Stands to the way he chose to
•Timeless subject, Courbet essentially follower tradition, but the figure out the bather to the left as
oDeviation from conventional view of beauty Change the Kinda idealized figure, which
oDevonk the tradition of the figure.
oA deviation from the force of formal , normal ?
Alexandre Cabanel, Birth of Venus 1863
•Idealized, a vision of female form as a deity
•Current of satisfies demands of representation of female figure.
•Standardized female beauty ( Courbet did differently)
JeanFrancois Millet, the Sower 1850
•A group of political movement
o1848, spring time of the people
o1848, country people , ?
oin France, kinda 2th French revolution , universal sufferage, all men and women to vote
oin awake of revolutionary idea,
Millet, diff from traditional artistic establishment
•We see here, the peasant is powerful, large in scale