German 100 notes for march 8th quiz!.docx

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24 Apr 2012
German 100:
Coordinating conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions connect words, phrases or sentences.
- Und --- and
- Oder --- or
- Aber --- but, However
- Sondern --- But, rather, on the contrary
- Denn --- Because, for
The present perfect tense: is a compound tense. Consists of two parts: the present tense of the auxiliary verb haben or sein and a
past participle
* Ich habe, du Hast, er/sie/es Hat, wir Haben, ihr Habt, sie/Sie Haben
* Ich Bin, du Bist, er/sie/es Ist, wir Sind, ihr Seid, sie/Sie Sind
With weak verbs :
Infinitive Past Participle
Hören Gehört
Sagen Gesagt
Warten Gewartet
Regnen Geregnet
Diskutieren Diskutiert
Fotografieren Fotografiert
* weak verbs ending in ieren take no prefix but have a t at the end.
With strong verbs:
Infinitive Past Participle Infinitive Past Participle
Gehen Gegangen Finden Gefunden
Nehmen Genommen Geben Gegeben
Sitzen Gesessen Helfen Geholfen
Trinken Getrunken Lesen Gelesen
Essen Gegessen Schlafen Geschlafen
Schreiben Geschrieben Sehen Gesehen
Sprechen Gesprochen Stehen Gestanden
* Most verbs use Haben, Sein is used with verbs that indicate movement from one place to another.
Die Jahreszeiten: der Frühling, der Sommer, der Herbst, der Winter
angenehem --- pleasant / heiter --- bright / Heiss --- hot / das Dewitter --- thunderstorm / schwül --- humid / es schneit --- it’s snowing
/ der Regen --- The rain / Die Wolken --- The clouds / Die Sonne --- The sun / der Grad --- degree
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