GGR254H1 Study Guide - Deindustrialization, Welfare Dependency, Concentrated Poverty

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Published on 14 Apr 2014
School
UTSG
Department
Geography
Course
GGR254H1
Professor
Agnew and Sharp: “America, frontier nation: from abstract space to worldly place”
Geographical imagination
Concept of spreading American beliefs and ideas globally
America wanted to be seen as the best and brightest in the eyes of the world
Richard Schien: “Populating the continent: the post-Columbian experience”
Push and pull factors of migration
European imperialism
British then French colonial settlement
Spanish and Dutch colonial settlement
African presence through slavery
Annexation of native Americans
Urban settlement
Native land rights, assimilation and segregation, cultural identities, political power, and
access to resources all contribute to trends of migration
David R Meyer: “The National Integration of Regional Economies 1860-1920”
Changes in the integration of mechanisms of transportation and communication provide
a perspective on the evolution of regional specialization in agriculture, lumbering,
mining, and manufacturing
Steven High: “The Deindustrialized Heartland”
Executives wanted to reduced labor costs
oThis led to millions of people losing their jobs and high levels of unemployment
Moved their manufacturing plants from one place to another in the blink of an eye
While the manufacturing belt in America closed it’s doors, the same did not occur in
southern Ontario
The deindustrialization of parts of the industrial heartland came about arsena27through
corporate strategies to run away from high wages and rigid work practices and to phase
out older, less profitable facilities that employed older unionized workforces
Dewey Grantham: “The Sunbelt South”
Sunbelt created a new southern economy
The post-war south was no longer just an appendage of the north, but now an integral
part of the continental US
A healthier, more prosperous economy developed
Paul Knox: “Social Interaction and Residential Segregation”
Primary vs. secondary relationships
Territoriality
Foundations of racial segregation
oSocial status
oHousehold type
oEthnicity
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