Study Guides (400,000)
CA (150,000)
UTSG (10,000)
HIS (300)
Quiz

HIS102Y1 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: English Reformation, Elizabethan Religious Settlement, Broad Church


Department
History
Course Code
HIS102Y1
Professor
Jennifer Mori
Study Guide
Quiz

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Elizabeth and Protestantism
Political/monarchical account of reformation vs popular culture and belief
aspect –how ppl’s beliefs change; what took place in churches; how did they
experience this change from 1530s
Elizabeth easily the most successful tudor monarchs – ruling the country;
keeping the love of subjects (at a cost – never married); lack of heir problem
didn’t go away with Henry
She died in 1603 – passed to James Stewart/Stuart of Scotland
French name (allies of Scots)
Relationship b/w Elizabeth and James is tenuous – her aunt, Henry’s sister
Margaret had married into Scottish royal family in 1503
So James is Margaret’s great-grandson
By beginning of 17th c., Tudors have run out of protestant heirs – big issue
So Stewart family is suitable b/c they are guaranteed to keep church of
England on protestant path set by Elizabeth
Her political advisors esp. last chief minister, Robert Cecil, played a very
important part in transferring of monarchical power from Elizabeth to James
This is b/c Elizabeth kept ppl guessing about her ultimate intentions as she
aged to ensure power remained in her own hands – but created confusion
James’ transition into throne was not so clear to subjects of England at the
time
Elizabeth – smarter than Mary; better political survivor
She had to put up with much uncertainty and hardship before coming to
throne: bastardized by her father, illegitimate following Edward’s birth – first
in henry’s affections; rules of royal inheritance – boy trumps
Illegitimacy later revoked by henry b/c another 3 marriages after death of
Seymour, there were no more male kids
And apparent that it was sensible to put mary and Elizabeth back on the throne
b/c kids were not materializing
Elizabeth and mary were never sure where they stood in their father’s eyes
Elizabeth was trusted by mary even though she had a closer relationship with
her rather than Edward – e.g. she was put under house arrest under mary’s
reign; her servants were paid spies; Elizabeth had to manage herself with care
so not to spark off accusations/suspicions of treasonable behaviour
Elizabeth has to combat the patriachalism/discriminatory gender beliefs of the
time – weak monarch b/c she was a woman
She overcame these obstacles by; not marrying; on ability and intelligence e.g.
how she dealt with the matter of religion
Installation of new protestant church – new acts of supremacy and uniformity
had to be passed
First one – all acts of supremacy make monarch official head of church of
England
But Elizabeth’s act was different from Edward’s and henry’s b/c she didn’t act
as much of a policy-maker for the church

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlike henry VIII and Edward, she saw her role as a custodial one; a more
super-intending one than managerial – hands off with dealings with church;
left decision-making to arch-bishop and bishops
This is sensible b/c they don’t have theological training; respect of clergy; not
a good realm to meddle in; above conflicts that might arise – can be a
mediator b/w warring religious groups; shielded from hostility to unpopular
changes in religious policy
She was a conservative protestant – kept ornamented silver plates in private
chapel (reminiscent of catholic religious ritual and commitment –so
conservative views); she disliked married priests;
But despite these personal views, she wanted to keep crown distant from
theological disputes
So 1563 39 articles of religion that the church of England gets are moderate;
compromise religious settlement; tries to give something to everybody in
terms of the political and religious opinion at the time
Man who master—minded composition of articles is her first arch-bishop of
Canterbury, Mathew parker
Extracts from articles – they seem to contradict each other in certain respects
– so a moderate settlement
Depending on what kind of protestant you are, you can glob on certain aspects
of the articles and prioritize them in your faith/worship
It is a protestant church as salvation by faith lies at core of belief; individual’s
relationship with god is clearly placed above relationship with priests or other
intermediaries
The catholic mass is decisively abolished – no miracles, transubstantiation
Good works are placed after faith in order of importance (12); good works
cannot put away our sins (no indulgences, or buying grace)
Although works are useful; in church or England it is charity or leaving
money to church = good works
Problems arise in interpreting article 17 – declaration in favour of
predestination and election
Predestination as a belief had not commanded much support in England
before mary took throne
But pucture changes over 1550s b/c many protestants fled to other countries to
avoid maryian persecutions – refugees in continental Europe (e.g. Geneva –
model community for Calvinists)
Church-state; theocracy – church elders or minister cooperate with civilian
authorities in governing town
When Elizabeth takes throne, all those refugees return to England
So they are demanding recognition for their beliefs as part of compensation to
flee – lost houses, relatives, etc
So this is partly why this article is there
Lutheran persuasion – prioritize #10 on free will
Articles are unclear about role of will and faith actually are in salvation of
individual
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version