HIS107 Midterm Exam Study Note
Tuesday December 6, 2011
The Sandford Fleming Building, ROOM 3202
1 hour and 50 minutes
The Shang Dynasty
- Traditionally: 1766-1122 B.C.E. or, ca. 1600-1027 B.C.E.
- Luoyang-> Zhengzhou(both close to Yellow River),-> Anyang(Yin).
- Hunting remained a subsidiary source of food in addition to domesticated cattle, pigs and
- Lady Fu Hao was the consort of the 21 Shang King, Wuding, and was entombed around 2500
- Bronze was the metal of nobles, shamans and kings.
- The Shang craftsmen utilized a bronze casting method known as the piece-mold technique.
- There was no written text as such, but there are a great number of Shang inscriptions.
- Oracle-bone inscriptions
- The dynasty ended in a great slave revolt about 1050 B.C.E, which was joined by Zhou.
The Zhou Dynasty
- 1027-221 B.C.E.
- Capital near XiAn
- Had became more militarized than the Shang and appear to have developed improved tactics of
- Founders Wen and Wu later became civil and martial-the two primary and complementary
dimensions of administration.
- Kings called themselves “sons of heaven”(天子)
- 771 BCE, Zhou capital sacked, king killed and the capital was moved to Luoyang.
- Jin(north), Yan(northeast), Qi(east), Chu(centre), Shu(Sichuan), Wu(lower Yangzi),
- The name “China” actually came from the Qin, the first to create an imperial Chinese identity.
Qin Dynasty, Confucianism
• Emperor become corrupt, hes lost the support of heaven, means he cannot be an emperor
• Confucius, people have to be taught by parents.
• Confucius’ ideal man: a true gentleman, the superior man (junzi/君子)
• First emperor: ChinShiHuang
• Han fei zi
• When the sage rules the state he does not depend on people to do good for him, but utilizes
their inability to do wrong.
• Is we had to depend on an arrow being absolutely straight by nature, there would be no arrow
in a hundred generation…….
• Therefore the ruler who has the technique doesn’t
• The means by6 which the enlightened ruler
• Punishment: to execute is called punishment and to offer congratulations or rewards is called
• Ministers are afraid of execution and punishment but look upon……
• Administering the State
• Memorial on exercising heavy censure, according to the laws of Lord Shang, there was corporal
punishment for the scattering of ashes in the streets
• The 6 parasites are: rites and music, odes and history, cultivation and goodness, filial
• Burned all books except about War and agriculture
• The rebellion of Chen She and Wu Guang
• During the first year of the second emperor of Qin,…………
• The faults of the Qin by Jia Yi
• Because the ruler lacked humaneness and rightness, because preserving power differs
fundamentally form seizing power.
The 5 Relationships in Confucianism
(4) older brother-younger brother
Women under Confucianism
• The advent of Confucianism tended to relegate them to subordinate status.
• The yin-yang concept(陰陽), far older than Confucius, certainly stresses the importance of the
• Women had great power within the family and often became dominant there after their
• In the Daodejing(道德經), women are depicted as unknowable and powerful.
• In Confucian texts, women were often demonized in cartoonish fashion and blamed for the fall
• Confucian moralists disapproved women’s involvement in government.
Record of Rites
• To be a woman means to submit [9:24]
• The Wife’s words should not travel beyond her own apartment [1:24]
• A woman does not discuss affairs outside the home. [1:24]
Liu bang- the first emperor
• Appeasing the Xiongnu (sending expensive gift and Han princesses as Xiongnu brides) But this
costs as much as 7%of the imperial budget for 1 year.
• Emperor Wudi
• Sima Qian
Records of the Grand Historian
• The silk road
• Emperor and eunuchs are the only functional men.
• Examination system
Questioned on confucius
• Expansion of borders
• Tarim basin(military protectorate)
• Tibet (tributary state)
• Korea (tributary state)
• Japan (tributary state)
• Empress Wu
Consort of the 3rd Tang emperor, Gaozong.
• Wu is buddist, Great Cloud Sutra 大雲經(something refers to Buddism)
• Maitreya (the future Buddha)
• 705, Wu falls ill(child birth? Suicide?)
• Deposed by supporters of her son, Emperor Zhongzong.