HIS103Y1 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Russian Empire, Napoleon, International Law

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Monday September 10th 2018
What is a state? What is a Sovereign state?
Sovereignty: Ability of a state to go to war
Monopoly on force defines a state
International Relations
Trade, economics, war, exchange of ideas and culture
WAR is the largest factor (Why do states choose to go to war? What are
the motivations in terms of war)
War (Why are wars fought? Why were they fought the way they were?)
“War is the continuation of politics by other means”- Clausewitz
War is one of the actions that states can choose to pursue their goals
(war is a choice)
States launch wars to meet their goals
Outcome of war is never preordained
States are trying to improve their position in the international system in the
present and in the future
Often the fear of what might happen if they don’t go to war is what
motivates them to go to war
Varieties of war (wars of annihilation, merging etc.)
There is a deep interconnection between wars
The possibility of war shapes the future
Strategy
Strategy is the matching of means and ends (deciding what you want to
do and how you are going to do it)
Strategies require the ability to adapt and evolve (plans don’t survive
contact with the enemy)
Main reasons some strategies fail is because there are multiple strategies
at play
Lecture 1
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Document Summary

Sovereignty: ability of a state to go to war. Trade, economics, war, exchange of ideas and culture. What are the motivations in terms of war) Why were they fought the way they were?) War is the continuation of politics by other means - clausewitz. War is one of the actions that states can choose to pursue their goals (war is a choice) States are trying to improve their position in the international system in the present and in the future. Often the fear of what might happen if they don"t go to war is what motivates them to go to war. Varieties of war (wars of annihilation, merging etc. ) Strategy is the matching of means and ends (deciding what you want to do and how you are going to do it) Strategies require the ability to adapt and evolve (plans don"t survive contact with the enemy) Main reasons some strategies fail is because there are multiple strategies at play.

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