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Study Guide

[HIS109Y1] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (85 pages long!)


Department
History
Course Code
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Study Guide
Final

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UTSG
HIS109Y1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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WEEK 1- Lecture 1
Feudalism and the Three Orders of Medieval Society
Feudalism
-Lasted between 500-600 years
Roots of Feudalism
Collapse of the Roman Empire
-People desperate for security chose a system that was not institutional, but
rather based on personal loyalty
-PEOPLE ADHERE TO POWERFUL MEN WITH THE ABILITY TO PROTECT
THEM
Comitatus (group of companions in Latin): violent thugs who provided protection
for the barbarian warrior chieftain
-The foundation for knights
Public Power in Private Hands
-Exercise of power, wealth, taxation etc… was built solely on personal
relationships
Changes in Technology
-The stirrup (footrest on the saddle) allowed for the creation of CAVALRY
Knights
-It was extremely expensive to be a knight
-The knights were responsible for their land, the laws of that land, as well as
taxation and infrastructure
Importance of birth
-Only the sons of the wealthy could be trained from birth in the skills of a knight
-Feudalism represents the FRAGMENTATION OF SOCIETY
FIRST ESTATE OF THE CLERGY
-The clergy were well-educated and heavily influenced political leaders
-There was conflict between the church and the secular state
-Sons besides the firstborn would be sent to monasteries and convents
-Peasants became possessions (bound to the soil)
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-They were serfs, not slaves
Artisans and bankers
-They did not fit into the societal categories of fighter, prayer and worker
-They became the AGENT OF CHANGE
-They introduced the power of power (they had access to liquid capital), which
changed all of society (larger population, increased trade, crusades etc…)
-The economy changed from a barter system to a money system
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