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Beginning of year - Feb 16th

3 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett

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Chapter 3
Perception ( ) interpret the messages of your sense to provide order and meaning to the
environment
-social perception process
-barriers to accurate social perception
-determining the causes of other peoples behaviour
Components: 1) the perceiver
-Experience (most important): develop expectations differences in
perception can lead to problems
-Motivational state: differences in our needs influence our perception and
interpretation of event can be source of conflict
-Emotional state: perceptual defence – occurs when our perceptual system
serves to defend us against unpleasant emotions (tend to see what we want to see)
2) the target – targets social status and ambiguity( )
- leads to a greater need for interpretation and addition
3) the situation – influence by adding information about the target
Social Identity Theory – form perceptions based on subject characteristics and memberships in
social catergories (perceiver variables)
-self = personal identity + social identity
-personal identity = unique personal characteristics e.g. abilities, traits
-social identity based on our perception that we belong to various social groups
e.g. gender, nationality, occupation
-prototype ( ): embody( ) the most typical attributes of that category
-perceive members of their own social categories in more positive way (
group  D)
Perceptual Process (Jerome Bruner)
-open to the informational cues contained in the target and the situation
-actively seek out cues to resolve this ambiguity
-encounters some familiar cues and make crude categorization of the target
-the cue search becomes less open and selective
-search out cues that confirm the categorization of the target
-as categorization becomes stronger, ignores or distorts cues that violate initial
perceptions
-perception becomes more selective
-perceptual system becomes constant and consistent of the target
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Description
Chapter 3Perception interpret the messages of your sense to provide order and meaning to the environmentsocial perception processbarriers to accurate social perceptiondetermining the causes of other peoples behaviour 1 the perceiverComponentsExperience most important develop expectationsdifferences in perception can lead to problemsMotivational state differences in our needs influence our perception and interpretation of eventcan be source of conflictEmotional stateperceptual defence occurs when our perceptual system serves to defend us against unpleasant emotions tend to see what we want to see2 the targettargets social status and ambiguity leads to a greater need for interpretation and addition3 the situationinfluence by adding information about the targetSocial Identity Theoryform perceptions based on subject characteristics and memberships in social catergories perceiver variablesself
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