Entire course study guide for 2009-2010 school year. Exam essay questions were for said year as were the terms. But this covers most if not all important concepts and terms

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6 Dec 2010
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Fall Lecture Readings HIS263
2. โ€œWe have lived here since the world began:โ€ peoples and histories to 1500
Origins, Chapter 1, โ€œThe First Peoplesโ€, 2-17.
3. Visitors from east of the dawn: narratives of encounter, 1500-1600
Origins, Chapter 2, โ€œThe Europeansโ€™ Arrival.โ€
4. From visitors to colonizers: permanent European outposts, 1608-1663
Origins, Chapter 3, โ€œThe Beginnings of New France.โ€
5. New France as a Royal colony, Part 1, 1663-1763
Origins, Chapter 5, โ€œProvince de France,โ€ 84-95
6. The fur trade and Mรฉtis genesis
Origins, Chapter 3, The Rise of the Fur Trade, 45 & Engagรฉs in the Fur Trade, 101 [1 paragraph!], โ€œChapter 4: The Iroquois, The Hurons and The Frenchโ€
7. New France as a Royal colony, Part 2: 1663-1763
Origins, Chapter 5, โ€œProvince de Franceโ€ 96-107; Chapter 6, โ€œThe Acadians.โ€
8. Clash of empires, 1754-1763, French, English & Indigenous perspectives
Origins, Chapter 7: โ€œThe Anglo-French Struggle for a Continent.โ€
9. La conquรชte and its aftermath, 1763-1776
Origins, Chapter 8: โ€œThe Aftermath of the Conquest of Quebec,โ€ 1760-1774.
10. Divided Ground: from the American Revolution to the War of 1812
Origins, Chapter 9, โ€œQuebec Societyโ€, 174-179, Chapter 10, โ€œMaritime Society,โ€ Nova Scotia and the American Revolution,197; Chapter 11, โ€œBritainโ€™s First Inland
Colony,โ€ 229-234.
11. Loyalists & Indigenous Land: The Pre-Confederation Treaty Process, 1783-1830
Origins, Chapter 11, โ€œBritainโ€™s First Inland Colony: Upper Canada, 1791-1815โ€ pages 216-228.
12. Upper Canada: Society, Politics & Economy to 1837
Origins, Chapter 13: โ€œUpper Canada, 1815-1840: An Evolving Identity.โ€
13. Lower Canada: Society, Politics & Economy to 1837
Origins, Chapter 9, Quebec Society in the Late 18
th
Century; Chapter 12, Rebellion and Change on the St. Lawrence, 240-256
14. The Rebellions of 1837-8
Origins, Chapter 12, โ€œRebellion and Change on the St. Lawrence;โ€ 252-262; Chapter 13: โ€œUpper
Canada, 1815-1840: An Evolving Identity.โ€286- 293.
15. The Union of the Canadas and struggle for Responsible Government
Origins, Chapter 15: โ€œThe Union of the Canadas: Political Developments, 1840-1864.โ€
16. Responsible Government and Partisan Politics
Origins, Chapter 15: โ€œThe Union of the Canadas: Political Developments, 1840-1864.โ€
17. The Atlantic Colonies: Society, Politics and Economies to the 1840s
Origins, Chapter 10, โ€œMaritime Society, 1760-1815;โ€ Chapter 16: โ€œThe Maritime colonies: 1815- 1864;โ€ Chapter 17: โ€œNewfoundland to the 1860sโ€.
18. The North, Northwest and the fur trade
Origins, Chapter 18: โ€œThe Northwest to the 1860s;โ€Chapter 19, โ€œThe Pacific Coast to the
1860s.โ€
19. The Road to Confederation
Origins, Chapter 20: โ€œThe Road to Confederation.โ€
20. Making the Dominion
Destinies: Chapter 1: โ€œConfederationโ€, 2-15.
21. Post-Confederation Treaties
Destinies: Chapter 2, โ€œThree Oceans, One Country,โ€ The Canadian Acquisition of Rupertโ€™s Land, 34-38 & Treaties with the First Nations, 38
22. Expanding Confederation
Destinies: Chapter 2: 43-49; Chapter 3: โ€œA National Policy,โ€ 54-68; Chapter 4: โ€œThe Fragile Unionโ€ 82-85.
23. Consolidating Confederation: The Indian Act & the Northwest Rebellion
Destinies: Chapter 4: โ€œThe Fragile Unionโ€, 86-92.
24. Societies, Economies & Identities in Confederation, 1867-1885
Destinies: Chapter 1, 15-23
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Winter Lecture Readings HIS263
1. Laurier and the Laurier Boom
Destinies, Chapter 6, Boom time
2. Immigration as peril and promise
Destinies, Chapter 3, A โ€˜National Policy?โ€™ 69-78
3. City Life and Modern Problems
Destinies, Chapter 7, The Impact of Urban and Industrial Growth
4. Imperialism and nationalism: Ideas and Institutions
Destinies, Chapter 4, The Fragile Union, 94-100; Chapter 5, Imperialism. 111- 119
5. Imperialism and nationalism: Issues
Destinies, Chapter 4, The Fragile Union, 94-100; Chapter 5, Imperialism. 109-119
6. 1911: The Greatest Election Ever
Destinies, Chapter 5, The 1911 Election. 122-123
7. World War 1: the soldierโ€™s story
Destinies, Chapter 10, Canada in the Great War, 224-237
8. World War 1: the home front
Destinies, Chapter 10, Canada in the Great War, 237-246
9. Post War Upheaval
Destinies, Chapter 11: 1919-29: A Decade of Adjustment, 254-258
10. The Two Twenties
Destinies, Chapter 11: 1919- 29: A Decade of Adjustment, 260-282
11. The Great Depression
Destinies, Chapter 12, Canada in the Great Depression.
12. The Fate of Empire, 1917-1939
Destinies, Chapter 13, Canada in World War II, 314-316.
13. World War Two: Canada and the World
Destinies, Chapter 13, Canada in World War II, 317-335
14. World War Two: Soldiers, Citizens and Consumers
Destinies, Chapter 13, Canada in World War II, 317-335
15. The Age of Booms
Destinies, Chapter 14, Toward a More Affluent Society, 1945-60, 354-363
16. Migrants and Migrations in Post War Canada
Destinies, Chapter 18, Immigration and Multiculturalism, 482-488
17. Canadaโ€™s Cold War
Destinies, Chapter 14, Toward a More Affluent Society, 1945-60, 364-366
18. The Government Party: Modern and Not-So-Modern Canada
Destinies, Chapter 14, Toward a More Affluent Society, 1945-60, 366; Chapter 15, Protest & Reform, The Pearson Years, 403.
19. The Quiet Revolution in Quebec
Destinies, Chapter 17: The Making of Modern Quebec, 448-455.
20. English Canadaโ€™s Quiet Revolution
Destinies, Chapter 15: Protest and Reform: The 1960s, 406- 409
21. The Sixties
Destinies, Chapter 15: Protest and Reform: The 1960s, 386- 400; 410-413
22. Pierre Trudeau and Visions for the Nation
Destinies, Chapter 19: Canada in the 1970s and 1980s, 515-517; See also Chapter 18, section on Multiculturalism, 497-503.
23. Brian Mulroneyโ€™s Canada
Destinies, Chapter 19: Canada in the 1970s and 1980s, 518-534.
24. Recent Canada/Recap
Destinies, Chapter 19: Canada in the 1970s and 1980s, balance of Chapter; Chapter 20, Contemporary Canada
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Final Exam HIS263
Part I: Historical Significance (fall term) (30% of exam)
Choose 4 of 15 available terms, identify/define the term, and explain its significance.
Part II: Historical Significance (winter term) (30% of exam)
Choose 4 of 15 available terms, identify/define the term, and explain its significance.
Part III: Essay Response (40% of exam)
Choose 1 of 3 exam questions to answer. The 3 exam questions will be from the 5 received in last
lecture of term.
Terms
Canadian history to Confederation (1867)
1. First Peoples/First Nations: < 16th century (1500s)
๎€ Corn agriculture
๎€‚ *500 Ad First Nations in S. Ontario begin growing corn. Sparking development of agriculturally based
societies.*
๎€‚ 2000 yrs ago, directly south of the great lakes farming and sedentary life began to replace hunting &
gathering in the Ohio (& later Mississippi valleys).
๎€‚ Agriculture could support larger populations.
๎€‚ Crops initiating in Mexico & Central America played an important role in the Iroquoian shift from
hunting gathering to farming. Corn had to be adapted here to the harsher climate and shorter growing
season.
๎€‚ Iroquois in what is now Southern Ontario and Southwest Quebecdomesticated high yield strains of
tubers & cereals
๎€‚ At the time of first contact 4/5ths of the populationโ€™s food was from farming
๎€‚ Women were responsible for planting cultivating & harvesting. Men cleared the land and continued to
hunt & fish.
๎€‚ Every 10-15 years populations relocated as soil depleted.
๎€‚ Larger confederacies of first nations could form with the development of agriculture, the Huron
alliance of four nations, and the 5-6 nations of Iroquois making up the league of Hodenosaunee.
๎€ Wampum
๎€‚ The European name for shells and shell beads used by the Iroquois to pass on traditions and
history
๎€‚ These purple and white beads, made from the Quahog clam, were arranged in rows to form a
belt, with the specific designs denoting historic events. Because the Iroquois had no written system, the
information contained in these designs was often very elaborate and it took trained โ€œreadersโ€ -
designated elders who memorized the traditions and articles represented on the belts โ€“ to reproduce the
codified information.
๎€‚ These belts were often used in codifying treaties, and famous wampum belts include the
Hiawatha Wampum which represents the original five First Nations within the fnosaunee Confederacy,
the spatial arrangements of their territories, and the nature of their roles in the confederacy.
๎€‚ The Two Row Wampum depicts the agreement made by the Confederacy with the Dutch in
1613, and this agreement is the base on which all other agreements between Europeans and First
Nations people would be made.
๎€ Haudenosaunee Confederacy
๎€‚ The Haudenosaunee is the Iroquoisโ€™ own name for themselves. Iroquois is the name given to them by
the French. Haudenosaunee means โ€œPeople of the Longhouse.โ€ The Confederacy is also known as the
League of Peace, as it was created to halt constant warfare among the five nations.
๎€‚ They used the metaphor of five longhouses or five fires to represent the five nations of the
Confederacy. They were, from west to east, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk.
๎€‚ They were enemies of the Huron and the Algonquin, who allied with the French, because of their
rivalry in the fur trade.
๎€‚ Beginning in 1609, the Confederacy engaged in the Beaver Wars with the French and their Iroquoian-
speaking Huron allies
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Document Summary

Fall lecture readings his263: we have lived here since the world began: peoples and histories to 1500. Origins, chapter 1, the first peoples , 2-17: visitors from east of the dawn: narratives of encounter, 1500-1600. Origins, chapter 2, the europeans" arrival. : from visitors to colonizers: permanent european outposts, 1608-1663. Origins, chapter 3, the beginnings of new france. : new france as a royal colony, part 1, 1663-1763. Origins, chapter 5, province de france, 84-95: the fur trade and m tis genesis. Origins, chapter 3, the rise of the fur trade, 45 & engag s in the fur trade, 101 [1 paragraph! ], chapter 4: the iroquois, the hurons and the french : new france as a royal colony, part 2: 1663-1763. Origins, chapter 5, province de france 96-107; chapter 6, the acadians. : clash of empires, 1754-1763, french, english & indigenous perspectives. Origins, chapter 7: the anglo-french struggle for a continent. : la conqu te and its aftermath, 1763-1776.

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