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Key Term Defined

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Mc Kim/ Penfold

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Population c.1500:
America as a howle population of 100m
50,000-10,000 years ago: Asiatic humans arrived in North America via Beringia
Within this group of people, there were at least 50 different linguistic groups
The greatest population of people were concentrated along the Atlantic coast due to
high fishing yields
“original settlement
Land that connected Russia and Alaska 50,000 years ago, permitting the
Asiatic people to migrate to the Americas
Bering Strait
Pre-Contact Era: Tremendous change occurs in North America before the arrival of
After the Ice Age, environmental changes rocked the continent, changing
agricultural, social, and economical norms
Tundra took over
Fishing became common
As these changes occurred and species began to change, the aboriginal communities
were able to expand their populations, giving way to larger populations to come into
In turn, these environmental and economic changes
Measles Smallpox
North Americas aboriginals had previously never encountered these diseases
By the early 20th century, roughly 500 years after the initial and permanent arrival
of European settlers, as much as 95% of the aboriginal population had been wiped
Classification of North American Aboriginals
Northwest Coast (Haida; Tsimshian): Coast of BC Relied on fishing, especially
salmonModerate temperatures, along with abundance of fish, explains why this was
the most heavily populated area a very hierarchical area, occasionally even slavery
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