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Study guide for Test #2 (events 7 and 8)

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University of Toronto St. George
Nhung Tuyet Tran

Exam Study Sheets (Term 2) Event 7: Opium War 1839-1842 Context and Summary th China at the end of the 18 Century China under the Qianlong emperor (r. 1736-1799) o Territorial expansion Western expansion Size of Qing empire has almost doubled o Administrative changes Withdrawal from active participation in the court that the emperor formerly participated in (direct reports rather than rely solely on advisors) o Cultural achievements Makes an effort to support Ming and Manchus Orders a compilation of the most famous works of art, history, philosophy; fills many, many volumes with this Uses this excuse to enter libraries of Chinese scholars to judge them accordingly; owners of certain books perceived as unfavourable to the Qing dynasty could be persecuted o Indigenous rebellions The White Lotus Rebellion Shan dong province: Geographically vulnerable; grand canal flows through the province, major transportation routeeasy to be self-sufficient; canal facilitates the spread of information to the other provinces Religious uprising o Led by Wang Lun; white lotus represents a goddess o Stirs up population against Qing rule as illegitimate China and Britain Cohong System of trade o British only permitted to trade at Canton with the CohongHong merchants o Were not permitted to interact directly with the Chinese emperor Britain viewed China as stagnant, closed, despotic
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