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University of Toronto St. George
Nicholas Terpstra

History 243 exam notes Poggio Bracciolini, The Ruins of Rome (379-384) (Year 1430) -Poggio Bracciolini and his friend Antonio Lusco would contemplate the desert ruins that used to be the great empire of Rome. -Disaster of fall of Rome exceeds all other historical disasters, whether natural or from hand of man. -Rome encapsulated culture, military discipline, morals, laws, virtues, great rulersemperors, heros etc... Lorenzo Valla, The Glories of the Latin Language (131-135) (year 1430-1440) -Latin is noblest and truest language of the soul -Latin taught people the liberal arts, the best laws, made way for wisdom, and removed people from the status of barbarians. -Latin is glory of Rome, it enhanced vernaculars and promoted peace and love -Latin is a reminder of the former glory of Rome -Latin is a single language and therefore better than the many languages of Greece. -Sad for the decline of Latin because of the destruction of Rome. -Only recently have arts became to flourish after the destruction of Rome and Latin Leon Batista Alberti, On Virt and fortuna (328-331) (year 1434) -Wonders when he sees families that were once happy and glorious and now lost and extinguish, could this same fortune fall upon men? -Many great Italian families with the most talented men are now ruined. -Not only have these families been reduced, but so have the great men of them -Could fortune have such power of human affairs? -Many people who have fallen through their own stupidity, blame it on fortune. -Man themselves are their own source of fortune and misfortune. -As well gaining praiseabilitywealth is a result of ability rather than fortune. -Republics and Principalities also never gained land or glory through fortune, but rather through just laws, virtuous princes etc L.B.Alberti, Self-Portrait of the Universal Man (480-492) (year after 1460?) -He was always the smartest and well diverse in the arts -He was also always the best athlete. -He was the best musician -Went on to study law, but became ill due to overexertion -Put aside his legal studies to write the play Philodoxeos (at age of 20) -Resumed legal studies when his health permitted, but again became sick and doctors advised him to stop over exerting himself so much, but he did not obey. -Was forced to stop studies that were most fatiguing to his memory -At age of 24 he turned to studying physics and math -Continued to write many small works
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