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Department
History
Course
HIS243H1
Professor
Nicholas Terpstra
Semester
Fall

Description
Early Modern Europe14501648This was the period where Europe began to arise as the centre of civilizationEurope underwent an intellectual political cultural and economic changeIt went on a path of world dominanceEuropeans began to think of the world as a possession something to be ownedAt the end of the 13th to the 14th century the city of Florence made great expansions in sizeFlorence grew from a minor city to a population of 100000 which would then be decimated by the bubonic plagueThe Black Death 1348 beginning in Italy in Scotland by 1349It killed between 12 and 23 of Europes populaceEurope went from 75m to 50mCities were affected by plague worse than in the countrysideCities were generally unhealthy places to live inCities grew but they did not replenish their own population but rather people coming to them from rural areasWhen the population begins to grow again they grew in areas that were more sparsely populated prior to the Black DeathThe bulk of the population lived in the South during the Middle Ages and early Renaissance by 1600 the North was 50 of the population by 1700 75A city was somewhere with more than 5000 people only 10 of people lived in cities90 of people lived in places with less than 5000 peopleOddly a disproportionate number of women were moving to citiesWhat they were living was the perceived limited life in rural areasOne did not own or live on the farmRather one owned or rented and tilled itThey would live in a small village with a lord and a churchThere was a very small seed to crop ratio there was often very little to spareThis was part of the reason cities did not grow there was often just not enough foodCity governments were often worried about this issue if there was not enough food the government will fallCities would order the farmers what and where they could grow and where they could sell itPeople rarely owned crops but rather rented and were tenantsSharecropping was also quite common in Italy13501450 saw a decline of agricultural outputThere was a decline in land that was cultivated due to the Black DeathThe population in Europe had been growing so much they were bringing in far flung areas to be cultivated and so there was much less demand from the citiesParadoxically diet improved for most of the people who were left aliveWages also began to rise due to the demand for labour14501650 saw improvements lands which had been left to nature became cultivated againThis saw the rise of industrial crops things related to textiles such hemp awh ye flax and mulberries1590s saw a series of food shortages across EuropeThis saw for the first time international food shipping
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