University of Toronto, St. George Campus
HIS311Y: Canadian International Relations
Course Outline, Summer 2013
Course Instructor - Chris Pennington
Office hours: SS3078, Wednesdays 9-10am
Email: [email protected]
Phone or text: 647-526-2054
Email: [email protected]
Required and Recommended Course Textbooks
Hillmer, Norman and J.L. Granatstein. Empire to Umpire: Canada and the World into
the Twenty-First Century. Toronto: Thomson Nelson, 2008. (required)
Bothwell, Robert. The Big Chill: Canada and the Cold War. Toronto: Irwin, 1998.
HIS311Y Course Reader – available as of May 13 at University of Toronto Bookstore.
This course provides a broad introduction to Canadian international relations from
its beginnings to the present day. Lectures will be held on Mondays and Wednesdays ,
10am-12pm, in SS1074. Topics to be covered include: the French-English struggle for
the North American continent to 1759; the evolving role of Canada within the British
Empire; the shift toward friendlier Canadian-American relations; the creation of the
Department of ExternalAffairs; the First World War and Paris Peace Conference; the path
to full Canadian nationhood; the ‘appeasement’ period of the 1930s; the Second World
War; the Cold War; and such other topics as the impact of domestic politics on foreign
policy and the recent conflicts in Iraq.
The purpose of the course is not only to provide a comprehensive overview of the
important facts and dates, but to pose questions about the ever-changing place of Canada
in the world, the importance and relevance of Canada in international affairs, and the role
of foreign policy in shaping a sense of Canadian national identity. For example, what
have been the concerns and motivations of Canada on the world stage? How important 2
was its involvement in such major global happenings as the world wars and the Cold
War? Has Canada been a force for good? Or has it not mattered much at all?
Expectations and Requirements
There is no prerequisite for this course, but it is helpful to have some familiarity
both with Canadian history and world history. The course is suitable both for students
who wish to gain a better understanding of Canadian international relations without
pursuing the subject in later courses, and for students who wish to build a strong base of
historical knowledge for further academic studies. To do well you must attend all the
lectures, prepare yourself thoroughly for the midterm test and final exam, and research
and write a properly documented essay. You are also expected, of course, to conduct
yourself with the utmost academic integrity and to avoid any problems relating to
plagiarism, especially regarding the essay assignment. As your course director, I am
eager to assist you whenever possible, especially with regard to the essay. Please, never
hesitate to approach me – I can help! In addition, you are encouraged to bring your
concerns (especially with regard to your written assignments) to your teaching assistant.
The course TA, Tina Park, will also be happy to assist you.
Assignments and Evaluation
There are FIVE components to your overall grade, with each component assigned
a specific percentage value:
Midterm Test 15%
Annotated Bibliography 10%
Research Essay 25%
Final Examination 35%
Professionalism is an important part of learning, and effective learning therefore includes
taking deadlines seriously. To recognize this, there will be no extensions. Late papers
will be penalized 5% per day late, including weekends, with the clock stopped as soon
as you submit your overdue paper to the professor via email (you must then bring a hard
copy to your TAat the next opportunity). Written assignments may not be submitted after
the date of the final examination without a petition from your college registrar. If you are
dealing with a serious family or medical emergency before an assignment is due, contact
the professor as soon as possible to discuss how the situation can best be handled.
The RESEARCH PROPOSAL will be 3-4 pages long, typed and double-spaced in 12-
point font, and will be drawn from some of the sources that you will be using for your
research essay. It is due on May 29, submitted in class at 10:00am. The assignment will 3
include a short introduction to your essay topic and justification of your selection of
sources. It will also include 5 annotated sources, and 5 sources which are listed, but not
annotated. Of these, the majority must be scholarly books or articles, and at least 2 must
be primary documents. Primary sources can be sources written at the time, memoirs
written by participants, or, they can be sound or video recordings.
Each source will be listed in proper bibliographical format, followed by a one-paragraph
explanation including: its main arguments, strengths and weaknesses, and the role that it
will serve in your research essay.
As this is a research assignment, the use of general, textbook-type sources, (especially the
course textbooks), along with materials in the tutorial course packs, will not be acceptable
as sources for the annotated bibliography assignment and may be used only sparingly in
the major term papers.
Internet sites as sources should be used with considerable caution. The key exception,
strongly to be encouraged, are websites containing important primary source materials
(such as the Mackenzie King diaries or the Cabinet minutes found on the Library and
Archives of Canada website); websites used for the bibliography and essay should
preferably be official government sites or those of leading academic or research
institutions. The use of Wikipedia will not be accepted as a source for either the
bibliography or the essay. Students are expected to use materials in the Library.
The TUTORIALS will be ongoing, beginning May 29, and will run for a total of
seven classes. Your performance in these tutorials will comprise 15% of your overall
grade. You must participate in wide-ranging conversations and debates on weekly
historical topics, using assigned materials in the Course Reader as the basis of the
discussion. Attendance counts, but merely being there is not enough. You must get
involved in the seminars and speak up to do well! That said, it is better to make selective
and constructive remarks than to simply talk constantly. It is the quality, not the quantity,
of your participation that will count the most.
The MIDTERM TEST will be held during the first hour of your June 12 lecture.
It is worth 15% of your overall grade. On the test you will be given a choice of ten topics,
and you must compose short answers (between half a page and one page, single-spaced)
which identify and explain the significance of FOUR of those topics. You will have one
hour to write the test.
The FINAL EXAM will be held during the August examination period, and will
be worth 35% of your overall grade. You will answer both short answer and essay
questions. The exam is three hours long, and will cover all material covered in the course
(but with emphasis placed on material covered after the midterm test). You will be given
more information regarding the final exam later this semester. 4
The RESEARCH ESSAY is probably the most difficult component of the course
for many students, especially those who have never written a liberal arts research essay in
the past. From the beginning, do not hesitate to come see me or your teaching assistant if
you have concerns! You will receive a list of essay topics early in the sem