Battle of Vimy Ridge.docx

13 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS430H1
Professor
Shawn Lehman

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Description
BattleofVimyRidgeFranceMarch201917CanadiantroopsvsGermanyBritisharmywithCanadianCorpsoperatedWestflankRoyalFlyingCorpstookphotosofGermandefencesCanadiancommandersconstructedmodelofGermancampsCanadiansoldiersrehearsedplanforattackspiedFiredpoisongasshellsandkilledGermanyshorsescontrolledVimyRidgeCanadianMajorGeneralCurriesuggestedCanadaneededathoroughstrategyplannedbeforeattackingVimyRidgeUsedthecreepingbarrageinsteadofcurtainoffire3500CanadianmendiedTheEndofWorldWarOne19171918USdeclaredwarinApril1917aftersinkingofUSshiptheLusitaniaWhentheyjoinedwarrelievedelementsofFrencharmyinNEofParisallowFrenchtomovetowardattackingGermanstotheNEFebruary1917RussiaoverthrewitsmonarchNicholasIIOctober1917communiststookoverRussiaunderVladimirLeninMarch1918RussiasurrenderedtoGermanyoSignedtreatyofBrestLitovskwhichgavehugeareaoflandtoGermansCanadasHundredDaysBattleofPasschendaelebeganJuly311917byNovember121917PasschendaelewastakenbyCanadiansthrelievedbytheBritishonthe14Canadianssuffered15654killedwoundedWesternFrontAttackGermanGeneralLudendorffcreatednewoffensivestrategytobreakthroughtrenchesonWesternFrontRussiaoutofthepictureoDelegationofauthorityminimalbutsuperiorequipmentexploitingbreaksinenemyweakspotsmovingasquicklyaspossibleGermansbeginadvanceonParisleaddivisionsshortonfoodGermanyloses1millionmenasallieslaunchacounterattackAmienstheblackdayfortheGermanarmyusingtanksCanadiansmovedforwardonAugust181918pressed13kmintoGermanterritoryo4000Canadianskilledwounded17000GermancasualtiesoLiberated25FrenchtownsstoppedGermaneffortstosplitBritishFrencharmiesTheDrocourtQueantSwitchhingeofmainGermandefensivelinesCanadiansattackedbySeptember21918positionsweretakenandDrocourtQueantlinedestroyedoGermansretreatedtoCanalduNordfloodedcanalSept27CanadianforcesadvancedtoCanalbyOct11theyhadsecuredentiredistrictwith37kmadvanceintoenemyterritoryliberationof54townsCanadiansliberatedValenciennesBelgiumfailedtakingofMonsNovember111918armisticesignedWilhelmabdicatedandfleestoHollandLudendorfffleestoSwedenGermanybelievesitcanreachpeaceagreementbasedonUSPresidentsWilsons14PointsParisPeaceConference1919allthosewhohadbeeninvolvedinwarmettodiscusstermsofpeacepurposewastodiscusstermsoftreatythatwasgiventoGermanyoSymbolthatCanadaisseenasseparatenationfromBritainoGermansforcedtoaccepttheTreatyofVersaillesoFormalagreementthatendedthewaroGermanythought14pointswerefairsotheywentwithVersaillesoWilsonwantedfairtreatyothercountrieswantedtomakeGermanysufferSignificanceofWorldWarOneFourempirescollapsedRussiaGermanyAustriaHungaryOttomanEmpireImpactofthisandTreatyofVersailleslaidfutureforconflictandproblemsfortherestofthetwentiethcenturyTopromoteinternationalcooperationandachieveinternationalpeaceandsecuritycreationofaLeagueofNationsTheTreatyofVersaillesMainpurposesofasuccessfulTreaty1Establishandmaintainpeace2Ensurejusticeforallconcerned3Establishandmaintainpoliticalstability4EstablishandmaintaineconomicstabilityGermanywasnotsatisfiedwiththetreatyblamedGermanyforentirewarwarguiltexpectedGermanytopayforalldamagecausednotallcountriesexpectedtopayGermanylostalargeamountofterritorymilitaryreducednewcountriesformedTheHomeFrontCanadianPatrioticFundcreatedbyActofParliamentoBegantocollectmoneyforsoldiersfamiliesoSetupsmallstoresforcheapfoodfuelsetuphospitalsforsoldiersFamilieschangedeatinghabitssomorefoodcanbesentoverseasyoungboyshelpedfarmsPacifiststhosewhoopposewaronmoralgroundsreligiousreasonssympathyMilitaryServiceActof1917deniedrighttovoteforpacifistsoLostjobsforopposingthewarGermanSpeakingCanadiansoActprohibitingteachingofGermanlanguageoObjectedsymphoniesplayingGermancomposersoMobsofsoldiersdestroyedGermancommunitiesMennonitecommunitytreatedwithsuspicionoExemptedfromwaroLostrighttofreedomofeducationoFormedNonResistantReliefOrganizationtoraisefundsKitchenerOntariousedtobecalledBerlinaproudGermancityuntilWorldWarOnebeganandCanadiansattackedGermancityoutofhatrednotenoughGermansenlistedinBerlinrenameditKitchenertohonourBritishwarheroEnemyalienanyonewhohadnotyetgainedCanadiancitizenshipandwhowasaformercitizenofacountryatwarwithCanadaoRoundeduptakentoremoteinternmentcampsforcedtodophysicallabouroAttemptstoescapewerediscouragedbythreatofdeathoAfter6yearstheywerereleasedbutallpropertiesseizedandneverreturnedWomenbeganworkingmachineshopspoliceforcebankingfarmingteachinghealthManitoba1916groupofwomenjournalistswonrighttovoteinprovincialelectionsfollowedbySaskatchewanAlbertaBCOntarioWheatpricesshotupsoldiersdesperateforfoodoverseasIMBImperialMunitionsBoardoFormedtocreatenewshellmakingindustrytoexportmunitionsoverseasoCanadianmunitionsindustrystrengthenedimprovedMontBlancandImocollidedblewupbigpartofHalifax1000dead4000injuredFederalgovernmentemployedtofundthecostofthewaroCreatenewtaxesbusinesspersonalincomeoBorrowmoneyandletfuturegenerationsrepayloan
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