ITA200H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Courtly Love, Canzone, Northrop Frye

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4 Apr 2018

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Lecture 2: Tuesday January 16th
Courtly Love: Amor Cortese
Frederick II
Key Words to Underline
Ampole Metaphorical Resonance Tells us alor about the Courtly Love in city of
Palermo, in Southern Italy
1st poem: Poi ch’a voi piace, Amore canzone
) Apprehend My heart
The poems of the courtly love put the position of the troubadour in a learning
posture, love is an emancipating experience lifts up the intelligence of the person
who experiences love, learning is the key term
Love is just not a feeling but a subject matter, love must be discussed
Courty love: is ana assemble of people who practice courtesy, enables them to open
their spirits
Love in this sense has undertones that might have an erotic and sinful attributes,
regarded with a great sense of nobility, no connections to christinaity or religion
Because love is an enobling experience
Courage, the hope
Attaining knowledge, cardinal of knowledge is the final end of the courtly
experience, the union with the lover is never actually accomplished or if it is it is not
Mercé Mercede- Mercy
Women has all the attributes of love, and the poet descends all attributes to her
Practice of Courtly Love
Need not to reveal the name of the women that the troubadour wrote poems about,
which led to a writing that was also obscure
Styles of writing metaphorically/ antifrastic way
Trobar- write/make poems
Trobar Clus- Writing in erotic tones tht cant be too obvious
Trobar Leu_ easiest poem, out in the open
IV (Skip 3)
Have mercy on me be mine
Merzé- accept my love
The woman has mysterious powers and the poet has clearly fallen under her spell
Jacopo Da Lentini
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Sonnet: Italian 14 lines divided between 4 stanza, first 4 quatras, and the other 2 3
lines tricets
All lines inda syllables
Quatrains and Tercets
Sonnets is a form that requires the rhyme, established with the last syllable
2 lines that are the most common- 11th syllable line (longer line described with
uppercase) and 7th syllable line (shorter line described with lowercase line)
object of desire, women who is blondes and fair complex. Ideal women of the time
period- literary canonical figuration
to see my women be in glory- the women is always high, the desire of the man is go
to paradise/Christian paradise a place where you cannot go if you do a sin, piest and
also guilty eroticism of poetry
but I do not say that with bad intent- guilty one that leads to sin
Guittone D-Arrezzo
Wrote more religious poems
Señal: praise of the women but they don’t want anyone else to know, but she does-it
is a word and when the poet uses the word the woman knows the word and knows
it is for her
D’Arezzo- insisting in praising his lady with the obsessional repeated use of the
word JOY and consonants
Grammatical Device: Alliteration and Annamination (change in vowels in same
group of consonants)
Classical Women- imagery that is important
Joy of beauty, joy of slender body
Joy of will, joy of though- intellectual poem, critical target of Dante, Guittone rational
mind, he rationalizes love
Acceptance of the women of the poems
The Farther I go the closer I gets
Envisioning of distance creates a state of madness for the poet
Intense feeling that the mind seizes to reason in a normal way, which is why the
imagery becomes more dramatic
Image of death is used a lot in Italian literature not necessarily loosing your life but
losing consciousness
Death and life- create a rhetorical figure alluding to sex
Fundamental notions for reading a poem: the way you write and the meaning of it
We can understand language in 3 different level
Grammatical- 1st basic level of language, formation of the individual words
(alliteration grammatical figures)
Logical/ Dialect - 2nd level of language, combination of words (antithesis)
Rheorical- 3rd level and whole of language, rhetorical figures, entire discourse of
sentences, orientation of discourse (irony) includes other two levels
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Enlightened state of madness
Similie: main rhetorical figure of the most ancient writing of poet
Guido Guinizelli-
Writes a philosophical poem, becomes manifesto of the sweet new style opposite of
the harsh prior practiced style
Praised by Dante
Dolce Stil Novo- Group of elite poets, entering by recognizing the kindness of heart
Señal: dispose of the senal and instead use the bname of the women to declare her
love and her praise as a well recognized person
Women is so high, so glorious, so pure, and not just an instrument od pleasure but
also an inbetween between god and human
This women is so loved by us but also so loved by God why they do not live very
Uniquwness in object of desire, religious mystic dimension, women has the grace of
God and no eroticism, self proclaimed pure love
The praise of the women changes to that of a women who is seen from afar
Highly stylized love situation, will lead to further metaphysical thinking
For Dante experience f love for Beatrice, led him to trip and is anointed by God
entering Metaphysical world
Collegial Style Finishing Dante and Moving on to Petrarch
Lecture 3: Tuesday January 23rd
Epistemology first principles
Theory of knowledge of that particular person
The fist piiples i Date’s id
Diffeet tha Date’s poetis
His own theory of literature Dante
Epistemology Date’s koledge ad the thigs ost ipotat to hi
To see how each particular time in history of the novelty poetry of the innovation the
new things
Brought into the cultural landscape
There to be pushed aside by something new something else
A memory of the Provençale filtered through the experience of the Sicilian school
Come at the beginning of the poetry
Sicilians able to read Provençale
With Dante, we have a good memory and a good concept of the Court of Love
Not filtered through the intellectual of coldness
Intellectual activity
Love is something that is done with the brain but belongs to the experiences of the mind
Some people say that my poems are hard to digest abundant in reason and that is why
the do’t like e
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