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Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN100Y1
Professor
K.Kyumin

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Sociolinguistics
-Study of the relationship between society and language
oHow language structures used in discourse are related to the social roles
and/or situations associated with them
Speech community
-Composed of individuals with common word choice, syntax, and pronunciation
oMembers share sociolinguistic norms about language use
oMembers marked by
Sociolinguistic markers: salient, recognized within community as
having particular social meaning
Sociolinguistic indicators: subtle, below the listener’s radar
oSociolinguistic norms affect markers and indicators
Dialect
-A language variety used by a particular group of people
-Non-standard variety as opposed to a language considered the standard variety
oValue judgment
Variety
-Any subset of a language
-What a speech community speaks
-Synonymous with language
-Value-neutral term
Dialectology
-Systematic study of dialects
Variation
-Linguistic features that can be produced in more than one way
-Ex. pronunciation of ‘th’ in thin, that, and thank
Language variation and change
-Area of linguistics that measures and explains the relationship between social
distinctions and linguistic practice
Which is the dialect? Which is the language?
-Mutual intelligibility
oIndividuals from different places can understand each other
oMutual intelligibile, then considered dialects of one language
oMutually unintelligible does not always declare separate languages
-Political boundaries
oSwedish and Norwegian
Mutually intelligible
Sociolinguistic norms:
social conventions
Sociolinguists study
community’s language,
not the speaker’s
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Description
Sociolinguistics - Study of the relationship between society and language o How language structures used in discourse are related to the social roles andor situations associated with them Speech community - Composed of individuals with common word choice, syntax, and pronunciation o Members share sociolinguistic norms about language use Sociolinguistic norms: social conventions o Members marked by Sociolinguistic markers: salient, recognized within community as having particular social meaning Sociolinguists study Sociolinguistic indicators: subtle, below the listeners radar communitys language, not the speakers o Sociolinguistic norms affect markers and indicators Dialect - A language variety used by a particular group of people - Non-standard variety as opposed to a language considered the standard variety o Value judgment Variety - Any subs
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