Personal notes from textbook

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

Writing - The symbolic representation of language by graphic signs or symbols Development of writing systems - Writing originated in multiple places, including Mesopotamia, China, and various Mayan civilizations Types of writing - Logographic writing o Symbols represent morphemes or words o Oldest type of writing Ex. Sumerian before it evolved into phonographic writing o Present in all writing systems Ex. %, &, $, 15 - Phonographic writing o Symbols represent syllables or sounds Occurred once pictures began to be read as words o Syllabic writing Syllabary: set of Signs represent syllables syllabic signs Well-suited for languages with simple CV and CVC syllabic structures Ex. Cree, Japanese o Alphabetic writing Symbols represent consonants and vowels Alphabets ignore non-phonemic phenomena (i.e. consonant aspiration, vowel nasalization) Ex. English Pictograms Pictograms - Image of the object or concept represented (sem. ext.) - Pictures are precursors of written word, but not writing per se o Earliest pictographic writing in Sumeria around 5000 years ago Logographic - No presentation of linguistic element (i.e. segments, syllables, morphemes, or Phonographic word order) - Ex. present-day symbols on bathrooms, highways o Independent of specific language Semantic extension Ideas associated - Meaning extended to abstract concepts with object - Ex. Egyptian hieroglyphic for water meaning fresh, cool; Sumerian logogram for foot meaning to go o Sumerian combined logogram of a head on fire meant anger Phonetic extension
More Less

Related notes for LIN100Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.