FINAL EXAM REVIEW NOTES

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School
University of Toronto St. George
Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN200H1
Professor
Bridget Jankowski
Semester
Fall

Description
Second Language AcquisitionHow does SLA compare to FLAoSLA is conscious vs FLA unconscious learningoInterlanguage grammar grammar influenced by both L1 and L2 speaker transfers phonology of L1 to L2oSocial aspects such as cultural codes and rules influence L2 learning as well as motivation and how you feel about L2 is crucial to how you learn L2Stages in SLAoPhonologicaleasier to learn the unmarked the forms that are more commonly found in the worlds languagesoMorphologicaloSyntacticCritical Period HypothesisoStudy of 46 native ChineseKorean speaks who learned ESL showed ages of arrival between native7 years old outperformed 739 years of ageLanguage teaching approachesoSynthetic teaching from the ground up starting with proper grammar instructionsoAnalyticteaching from top down through speech and content and extract rules from the inputL2 instructional MethodsoGrammar Translation Approachreading and translate poor results for communicative goalsoDirect Methodfocus on speaking and listening grammar not explicitly taughtoAudiolingual Methodpattern practice drills and repetitionoCommunicative Approachfocus on communicative competence learn via struggle to communicateoMonitor ModelNatural ApproachStudents exposed to a lot of comprehensible input not encouraged to speak until ready to do soBilingualismoAdvantageswider range of linguistic tools for use during speech superior communicative sensitivity and acquire other cognitive skills earlier and fasteroDisadvantagesMay have problems switching in context between the two languagesCodemixingoBorrowinguse of a single word from another language due to not knowing a word or no word available in a languageoCalqueword for word translation of something when the other language has a different phrase for the meaningoCodeswitchinguse of more than one language during a conversationIntersententialamong or between plug entire phrasesIntrasententialwithin replace words or terms flawlesslyPidgin and CreoleoPidgina temporary rudimentary language that develops out of a language contact situation when speakers of different languages need to communicate usually 3oCreoleDeveloped from a pidgin language into a fullyformed language with native speakersLanguage location in the brainoLanguage lateralized in the left side of the brainoStudies from splitbrain experiment showed when corpus callosum was damaged patients could not perform linguistic functions with their left eyehand right brain but could do so with their right eyehand left brainAphasia
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