Distinguish Complements and Adjuncts.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Richard Compton

*Distinguish Complements andAdjuncts: 8 ways - Licensing, obligatoriness, substitution, category, position, argumenthood, selection, role Complements Adjuncts Licensing (free or not) 1. A certain verb allow No such restriction: certain complements 1. free to add anything; (not allow all 2. can have any complements); preposition in front of 2. have particular (although they are prepositions (when PC different in meaning = PP) but you can use them) I read the letter I read the letter at noon. *I said the letter I read the letter after noon. I am interested in it (PC) I read the letter on bus. *I am interested on it. I read the letter near bus. I read the letter beside bus. Obligatoriness (omit or Verbs Requiring a Not requiring, not not) complement, necessary for necessary, can be omitted a sentence, cannot be She left because she was omitted hurry. I chase my dream. She left before noon. *I chase. She left by bus. She left. Substitution (do-so, too) Do-so must substitute the No such requirement for internal complement adjunct: do-so, too only (substitute whole VP – V, substitute V PC, O); too cannot be omitted I made it and she did so too. *I made it and she did it so too. Category (NP vs. Adv)
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