Self Generated exercise answers 2 for lin204.pdf

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Anne- St Amand

1 Answers to exercises Chapter 2 1 Identifying morphemes We wont discuss the words that are clearly lexical and mono morphemic that is to say which have lexical meaning and consist of one morpheme only and cannot be divided further The following words do require some comment in that they consist of more than one morpheme or at least could be argued to do so Nowhere could be argued to be a compound consisting of no and where at least that is how it would have originated however it could also be argued that it has over time developed into one morpheme a bit like cupboard has Biopic is an interesting one it looks like a compound cons isting of two abbreviated parts biographical picture but since neither bio nor pic is a morpheme of English independently you could argue that it consists of two cranmorphemes rather than two free morphemes or maybe even that it should be treated as a monomorphemic word You may well have developed your own arguments for one of these conclusions Its clearly consists of two morphemes it and s with it being free The issue here is whether you think of s as an inflection It does not quite behave like an affix it shares some properties with a full word but it is bound The term used for such inbetween elements is usually CLITIC Watchable consists of two morphemes the free watch and the bound able Watch is a verb and able converts it into an adjective hence it is a derivational morpheme Director consists of the free morpheme direct and the derivational suffix or The latter converts a verb into a noun with the rough meaning of someone who VERBS as in instructor or conductor Avoids contains the free morpheme avoid and the inflectional affix s We know that s is inflectional because it only adds grammatical information agreement with the subject Beatles is best considered mono morphemic It may well have been the result of a word game playing on beetles and beat but it wouldnt be right to see it as the plural of beatle Clichs consists of the free morpheme clich and the bound inflectional affixs Focusing is the ing form of the verb hence ing is a bound inflectional affix added to the free morpheme focus There is also a derivational affix ing as in building but that is not the one used here Johns consists of two morphemes the free lexical John and the bound grammatical s The behaviour of s is different from an affix like the plural s particularly in that it need not occur on the head of the noun phrase the presidents dog vs the president of Americas dog the dog belongs to the
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