Ch. 1-16 Study Guide

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University of Toronto St. George
Latin American Studies
John Mac Carthy

Latin Studying Nouns: 1. Cases a. nominative subject of a finite verb i. nominative singular: found in a dictionary entry ii. subject complement: a noun or verb that is linked to the subject of a linking sentence. Always nominative, to agree with the subject. b. genitive i. possession: 1. liber puellae (the book of the girl) ii. partative: 1. turba virorum (a crowd of men) c. dative i. indirect object: the person to whom something is given, said, or done 1. Puellae donum dat. (He gives a gift to the girl.) 2. Viro fabulas narramus. (We tell stories to the man.) ii. possession: the person who possesses 1. Viro est liber. (The man has a book.) 2. Pueris pecunia erat. (The boys used to have money.) iii. reference: the person to whom a statement refers to or is of interest 1. Domino laborat. (He is working for the master.) 2. Pueris donum habet. (He has a gift for the boys.) d. accusative direct object i. extent: 1. Arbores octo pedes altae erant. (The trees were eight feet high.) 2. Flumen iter abest. (The river is a days march away.) ii. degree: 1. Te tantum amo. (I love you so much.) 2. Agricola multum in agro laborat. (The farmer works a lot in the field.) iii. object complement: a second accusative used in the factitive sentence pattern 1. subject 2. factitive verb 3. direct object 4. object complement (second accusative) iv. place to which (motion towards): 1. Portasne aquam ad viros? (Are you bringing water to the men?) 2. In templum ambulat. (She walks into the temple.) v. time duration, length: 1. Tres annos manebamus. (We stayed for three years.) 2. Haec partem aetatis faciebat. (He was doing this for part of his life.) e. ablative by, with, from, in _____ i. accompaniment: the person/people with whom something is done 1. Cum amicis laborat. (She works with her friends.) ii. cause (without a preposition): 1. Dux curis aeger erat. (The leader was wick with worry.) 2. Multa gloriae cupiditate facit. (He does many things out of a love of glory.) iii. cause (with a preposition): 1. Dux ex vulnere aeger erat. (The leader was sick from a wound.) 2. Certis de causis agit. (He is acting for definite reasons.) iv. manner: the way in which something is done 1. Cum cura laborat. (She works with care.) v. means: thing by or which something is done 1. Oculis video. (I see with my eyes.) 2. Armis pugnant. (They fight with weapons.) 3. Litteris monstramus. (We show this by a letter.) vi. place from which (motion away): 1. Puella a turba festinate. (The girl hurries away from the crowd.) 2. E ponto pueros vocamus. (We called the boys out of the ocean.) vii. place where: 1. Agricola in agro laborat. (The farmer works in the field.) 2. Pro templis orant. (They pray in front of the shrines.) viii. respect: in what respect something is or is done 1. Corpore senex, non animo est. (He is an old man in body, but not at heart.) 2. Dux nomine erat. (He was commander in name.) ix. time when: 1. Agricola prima luce laborat. (The farmer works at first light. [dawn]) 2. Disceditne sexta hora? (Is he leaving at the sixth hour? [noon]) x. time within which: 1. Milites tribus anno discedent. (The soldiers will depart within three years.) 2. Tertio anno urbem vincent. (They will conquer the city during the third year.) f. vocative: direct address g. locative: place 2. Declensions: a. First: i. SINGULAR: ii. iii. Feminine iv. v. femina vi. feminae vii. feminae viii. feminam ix. femina x. xi. PLURAL: xii. xiii. feminae xiv. feminarum xv. feminis xvi. feminas xvii. feminis b. Second: i. SINGULAR ii. iii. Masculine Neuter iv. v. animus regnum vi. animi regni vii. animo regno viii. animum regnum ix. animo regno x. xi. PLURAL xii. xiii. animi regna xiv. animorum regnorum xv. animis regnis xvi. animos regna xvii. animis regnis c. Third: i. Masculine and Feminine ii. iii. SINGULAR iv. v. Consonant Stem S-stem I-stem vi. vii. consul rex ars viii. consulis regis artis ix. consuli regi arti x. consulem regem artem xi. consule rege arte xii. xiii. PLURAL xiv. xv. consules reges artes xvi. consulum regum atrium xvii. consulibus regibus artibus xviii. consules reges artes xix. consulibus regibus artibus xx. xxi. Neuter xxii. xxiii. SINGULAR xxiv. xxv. Consonant Stem I-stem xxvi. xxvii. caput mare xxviii. capitis maris xxix. capiti mari xxx. caput mare xxxi. capite mari xxxii. xxxiii. PLURAL xxxiv. xxxv. capita maria xxxvi. capitum marium xxxvii. capitibus maribus xxxviii. capita maria xxxix. capitibus maribus
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