Study Guides (256,509)
CA (124,674)
UTSG (8,518)
LIN200H1 (4)
Maria (2)

NOTE4

5 Pages
151 Views

Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN200H1
Professor
Maria

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
>/EϮϬϬ,ϭ^
/EdZKhd/KEdK>E'h'
>ĞĐƚƵƌĞϰ͗:ĂŶƵĂƌLJϮϲ͕ϮϬϭϬʹWŚŽŶŽůŽŐLJ
KƵƚůŝŶĞ
ϭ͘ tŚĂƚŝƐWŚŽŶŽůŽŐLJ͍
Ϯ͘ WŚŽŶŽůŽŐŝĐĂůWƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐ
ϯ͘ ,ŽǁƚŽƉƉƌŽĂĐŚWŚŽŶŽůŽŐŝĐĂůŶĂůLJƐŝƐWƌŽďůĞŵƐ
ϭ͘ tŚĂƚŝƐWŚŽŶŽůŽŐLJ͍
/ŶƉŚŽŶĞƚŝĐƐ͕ǁĞƐƚƵĚŝĞĚƚŚĞĂƌƚŝĐƵůĂƚŝŽŶŽĨŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůƐŽƵŶĚƐ
/ŶƉŚŽŶŽůŽŐLJ͕ǁĞĂƌĞĐŽŶĐĞƌŶĞĚǁŝƚŚŚŽǁƐŽƵŶĚƐĐŽŵďŝŶĞĂŶĚƉĂƚƚĞƌŶƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ
/ŶǁŚĂƚǁĂLJƐĚŽƐŽƵŶĚƐĂĨĨĞĐƚĞĂĐŚŽƚŚĞƌǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJĂƌĞĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ͍
,ŽǁĚŽĞƐƚŚĞĐŽŶƚĞdžƚŝŶǁŚŝĐŚĂƐŽƵŶĚĂƉƉĞĂƌƐĂĨĨĞĐƚŝƚƐƌĞĂůŝnjĂƚŝŽŶ͍
tŚĂƚĚŽƚŚĞƉĂƚƚĞƌŶƐƚĞůůƵƐĂďŽƵƚŚŽǁƚŚĞƐŽƵŶĚƐLJƐƚĞŵŝƐƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŵŝŶĚ͍
WŚŽŶĞŵĞƐ͗ƚŚĞƐŽƵŶĚƐŽĨĂƉĂƌƚŝĐƵůĂƌůĂŶŐƵĂŐĞƚŚĂƚƐŝŐŶĂůĂĐŚĂŶŐĞŝŶŵĞĂŶŝŶŐʹĂŶĂďƐƚƌĂĐƚŶŽƚŝŽŶŽĨĂƐƉĞĞĐŚƐŽƵŶĚʹƐŚŽǁŶ
ďĞƚǁĞĞŶƐůĂƐŚĞƐ
ůůŽƉŚŽŶĞƐ͗ƚŚĞǀĂƌŝĂŶƚƐŽĨĂŶŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůƉŚŽŶĞŵĞʹƚŚĞĂĐƚƵĂůƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůƐŽƵŶĚƐƚŚĂƚLJŽƵƉƌŽĚƵĐĞʹƐŚŽǁŶďĞƚǁĞĞŶƐƋƵĂƌĞďƌĂĐŬĞƚƐ
džĂŵƉůĞ͗ƐƉŝƌĂƚŝŽŶŽĨŝĐĞůĞƐƐ^ƚŽƉƐŝŶŶŐůŝƐŚ
Ɖŝƚͬpɪt/ [pʰɪt] versus
spit /
spɪt/ [spɪt]
ĐĂůůĞĚͬkald/ [kʰald] versus
scald /
skald/ [skald]
ƚĂŝůͬtel/ [tʰel] versus
stale /
stel/ [stel]
tŚĞƌĞĚŽǁĞĨŝŶĚƚŚĞƵŶĂƐƉŝƌĂƚĞĚƐƚŽƉƐ͍ͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺ
tŚĞƌĞĚŽǁĞĨŝŶĚƚŚĞĂƐƉŝƌĂƚĞĚƐƚŽƉƐ͍ͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺ
  /p/ /k/ /t/ /phonemes/
[pʰ] [p] [kʰ] [k] [tʰ] [t] [allophones]
Ϯ͘ WŚŽŶŽůŽŐŝĐĂůWƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐ
ƐƐŝŵŝůĂƚŝŽŶƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐ͗ǀĞƌLJĐŽŵŵŽŶ͕ƚŚĞƉƌŽĐĞƐƐďLJǁŚŝĐŚĂƐŽƵŶĚĐŽŵĞƐƚŽďĞŵŽƌĞůŝŬĞĂŶĞŝŐŚďŽƵƌŝŶŐƐŽƵŶĚŝŶƚĞƌŵƐŽĨ
ƐŽŵĞĨĞĂƚƵƌĞ;ǀŽŝĐŝŶŐ͕ƉůĂĐĞ͕ŵĂŶŶĞƌͿ
ŝƐƐŝŵŝůĂƚŝŽŶƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐ͗ƚǁŽŶĞŝŐŚďŽƵƌŝŶŐƐŽƵŶĚƐĐŽŵĞƚŽďĞůĞƐƐĂůŝŬĞŝŶƚĞƌŵƐŽĨƐŽŵĞĨĞĂƚƵƌĞ
/ŶƐĞƌƚŝŽŶƌƵůĞƐ;ĞƉĞŶƚŚĞƐŝƐͿ͗ĂƐĞŐŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚŝƐŶŽƚƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞŵŝĐůĞǀĞůŝƐŝŶƐĞƌƚĞĚĂƚƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞƚŝĐůĞǀĞů
ĞůĞƚŝŽŶƌƵůĞƐ͗ĂƐĞŐŵĞŶƚƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞŵŝĐůĞǀĞůŝƐĚĞůĞƚĞĚ͕ĐĂƵƐŝŶŐŝƚŶŽƚƚŽďĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞƚŝĐůĞǀĞů
džĐŚĂŶŐĞƌƵůĞƐ;ŵĞƚĂƚŚĞƐŝƐͿ͗ĂƌĞŽƌĚĞƌŝŶŐŽĨƚǁŽƐŽƵŶĚƐŽƌƐLJůůĂďůĞƐ
^^/D/>d/KEZh>^͗
sŽǁĞůEĂƐĂůŝnjĂƚŝŽŶ
/ŶŶŐůŝƐŚ͕ǀŽǁĞůƐďĞĐŽŵĞŶĂƐĂůŝnjĞĚǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJĂƉƉĞĂƌŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞůLJƉƌĞĐĞĚŝŶŐĂŶĂƐĂůĐŽŶƐŽŶĂŶƚ͘
ŽŵƉĂƌĞƉĂƚĂŶĚƉĂŶ͗ͬƉæƚͬ΀Ɖʰæƚ΁ǀĞƌƐƵƐͬƉæŶͬ΀Ɖʰǣn]
ůǀĞŽůĂƌ^ƚŽƉ;EĂƐĂůŽƌKƌĂůͿWůĂĐĞƐƐŝŵŝůĂƚŝŽŶ
ƐĂŶĚǁŝĐŚͬƐæŶǁɪčͬ΀Ɛǣŵǁɪč΁
ĐĂŶŐŽ  ͬŬæŶŐŽͬ [kǣŋ go]
ŽŵƉĂƌĞďĂƚĂŶĚĂƚŵĂŶ͗ͬďæƚͬ΀ďæƚ΁ǀĞƌƐƵƐͬďæƚŵænͬ΀ďæpmǣn]
WĂůĂƚĂůŝnjĂƚŝŽŶ
/ŶŶŐůŝƐŚ͕ĂŶĂůǀĞŽůĂƌƐƚŽƉďĞĐŽŵĞƐƉĂůĂƚĂůǁŚĞŶŝƚĂƉƉĞĂƌƐŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞůLJƉƌĞĐĞĚŝŶŐͬLJͬŽƌͬƌͬ͘
www.notesolution.com
ƚŚŽƵŐŚƚLJŽƵͬθĂƚLJƵͬ [θu]
could you
/kʊd yu/ [ǰu] 
ƚƌĞĞ  ͬƚƌŝͬ [čri]
drink
/drɪŋk] [ǰrɪŋk]
sŽŝĐŝŶŐ
ǀĞƌLJĐŽŵŵŽŶƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ͊
ĐŚĂŶŐĞƐƚŽƐĂŵĞǀŽŝĐŝŶŐĂƐĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƐŽƵŶĚ͘
ŚĂǀĞƚŽ/hæv to/ [hæf to]
ŚĂƐƚŽ/hæz to/ [hæs to]
EKd͗ĐŚĂŶŐĞƐĐĂŶŽĐĐƵƌĂĐƌŽƐƐǁŽƌĚďŽƵŶĚĂƌŝĞƐ
/E^Zd/KEZh>^;WEd,^/^Ϳ͗
ŝŶƐĞƌƚǀŽǁĞůďĞƚǁĞĞŶĐŽŶƐŽŶĂŶƚƐ͕ƐŽŵĞƚŝŵĞƐƚŽďƌĞĂŬƵƉĐůƵƐƚĞƌ͗Ĩŝůŵ[fɪůəŵ΁͕ŶƵĐůĞĂƌ[nukjələr]
ŝŶƐĞƌƚƐƚŽƉďĞƚǁĞĞŶŶĂƐĂůĂŶĚĨƌŝĐĂƚŝǀĞ͗ŚĂŵƐƚĞƌ[hǣmpstər]͕ƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐ[sʌmpθɪŋ]
tŚLJŝƐŝƚĂ΀Ɖ΁ŝŶƐĞƌƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞƐĞĞdžĂŵƉůĞƐ͍
>d/KEZh>^͗
ƐŝŵƉůŝĨLJĂĐŽŶƐŽŶĂŶƚĐůƵƐƚĞƌ͗ƐŽĨƚďĂůů[saf bal]͕ůĂƐƚŶĂŵĞ[læs nem]
ŚŝƐƚŽƌŝĐĂůůLJ͗ŬŶŽǁ͕ŐŶĂƚ͕ŬŶŝŐŚƚ͕ŐŶĂǁ
LJŽĚͲĚƌŽƉƉŝŶŐʹǀĞƌLJĐŽŵŵŽŶƉŚĞŶŽŵĞŶŽŶ͗ŶĞǁƐ΀ŶũƵnj΁ͬ΀ŶƵnj΁
EŽƚĞ͗ƚĞdžƚĐĂůůƐƚŚŝƐĂŶŝŶƐĞƌƚŝŽŶƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ͕ƚŚĞŶƐƵŐŐĞƐƚƐĚĞůĞƚŝŽŶŝƐďĞƚƚĞƌ
ƌͲůĞƐƐĚŝĂůĞĐƚƐ͗΀ƌ΁ĚĞůĞƚĞĚĂĨƚĞƌǀŽǁĞůƐʹƉƌĞƐƚŝŐĞŝŶŶŐůĂŶĚ͕ŶŽƚŝŶh^
o ĐĂƌ΀ŬĂ΁
y,E'Zh>^;Ddd,^/^Ϳ͗
ĐŽŵŵŽŶŝŶĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͛ƐƐƉĞĞĐŚ͗ĂŶŝŵĂůͬĂŵŝŶĂů͖ƐƉĂŐŚĞƚƚŝͬƉŝƐŐŚĞƚŝ
ŚŝƐƚŽƌŝĐĂůůLJ͗
o KůĚŶŐůŝƐŚ;KͿǁĂƉƐďƌŝĚĚƌŝƚƚŚƌŝĚĚĂ
o DŽĚĞƌŶŶŐůŝƐŚǁĂƐƉďŝƌĚĚŝƌƚƚŚŝƌĚ
EŽƚĞĞƌƌŽƌďŽƚƚŽŵƉĂŐĞϭϭϵ͗dŚĞƌĞ͛ƐĂůŝƐƚŽĨǁŽƌĚƐĨƌŽŵĂh^ĚŝĂůĞĐƚǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞůĞƚƚĞƌΖĞΖŝƐƉƌŽŶŽƵŶĐĞĚĂƐ΀/΁ďĞĨŽƌĞĂŶĂƐĂů;ĞŐ͘ƉĞŶ
ŝƐƉƌŽŶŽƵŶĐĞĚůŝŬĞƉŝŶͿ͘,ŽǁĞǀĞƌƚŚĞƐĞŶƚĞŶĐĞĂďŽǀĞƚŚĞůŝƐƚŚĂƐƌĞǀĞƌƐĞĚƚŚĞĐŚĂŶŐĞĂŶĚƐƵŐŐĞƐƚƐƚŚĂƚǁŽƌĚƐůŝŬĞƉŝŶĂƌĞďĞŝŶŐ
ƉƌŽŶŽƵŶĐĞĚůŝŬĞƉĞŶ;ƌĂƚŚĞƌƚŚĂŶǀŝĐĞǀĞƌƐĂͿ͘
ϯ͘ ,ŽǁƚŽƉƉƌŽĂĐŚWŚŽŶŽůŽŐŝĐĂůŶĂůLJƐŝƐWƌŽďůĞŵƐ
zŽƵǁŝůůƚLJƉŝĐĂůůLJďĞĂƐŬĞĚƚŽůŽŽŬĂƚĂƐĞƚŽĨĚĂƚĂ;ƐŽŵĞƚŝŵĞƐĨƌŽŵŶŐůŝƐŚ͕ƐŽŵĞƚŝŵĞƐŶŽƚͿĂŶĚƚŽĂŶƐǁĞƌƋƵĞƐƚŝŽŶƐĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞ
ƌĞůĂƚŝŽŶƐŚŝƉďĞƚǁĞĞŶĐĞƌƚĂŝŶƐŽƵŶĚƐ͘/ƚĐŽƵůĚďĞǁŚĞƚŚĞƌƚǁŽƐŽƵŶĚƐĂƌĞƐĞƉĂƌĂƚĞƉŚŽŶĞŵĞƐŽƌĂůůŽƉŚŽŶĞƐŽĨŽŶĞƉŚŽŶĞŵĞ͘Kƌ
LJŽƵĐŽƵůĚďĞƚŽůĚƚŚĂƚƐĞǀĞƌĂůƐŽƵŶĚƐĂƌĞĂůůŽƉŚŽŶĞƐĂŶĚŽŶůLJĂƐŬĞĚƚŽŐŝǀĞƚŚĞƌƵůĞƐƚŚĂƚĞdžƉůĂŝŶŝŶǁŚŝĐŚĐŽŶƚĞdžƚLJŽƵŐĞƚĞĂĐŚ
ĂůůŽƉŚŽŶĞ͘
džĂŵƉůĞǁŝƚŚǁĞůEĂƐĂůŝnjĂƚŝŽŶ͗
WŽƐƐŝďůĞYƵĞƐƚŝŽŶ͗ĂƐƐƵŵĞƚŚĂƚŶŽŶͲŶĂƐĂůĂŶĚŶĂƐĂůǀŽǁĞůƐĂƌĞĂůůŽƉŚŽŶĞƐŝŶŶŐůŝƐŚ͘ĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĞǁŚŝĐŚĂůůŽƉŚŽŶĞŝƐƚŚĞƵŶĚĞƌůLJŝŶŐ
ƉŚŽŶĞŵĞĂŶĚǁƌŝƚĞƚŚĞƌƵůĞƚŚĂƚĚĞƌŝǀĞƐƚŚĞĂůůŽƉŚŽŶĞ͘
ĂŶĂĚŝĂŶŶŐůŝƐŚ͗
tap
[tʰæp]
and
[ǣnd]
all
[al]
long
[lãŋ]
fish
[fɪš]
fin
[fĩn]
law
[la]
palm
[pãm]
^ŝŶĐĞƚŚĞƋƵĞƐƚŝŽŶŚĂƐƚŽůĚƵƐƚŚĂƚŶĂƐĂůĂŶĚŶŽŶͲŶĂƐĂůǀŽǁĞůƐĂƌĞĂůůŽƉŚŽŶĞƐĂŶĚŶŽƚƐĞƉĂƌĂƚĞƉŚŽŶĞŵĞƐ͕ǁĞĐĂŶŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞůLJ
ƐƚĂƌƚůŽŽŬŝŶŐĂƚƚŚĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚƐŝŶǁŚŝĐŚĞĂĐŚŽĐĐƵƌƐ͘
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
>E,^ EdZKhdKEdK>Eh >:W K tW WW ,WW tW , t W s^ pt [pt] versus spit spt [spt] kald [kald] versus scald skald [skald] tel [tel] versus stale stel [stel] t t p k t phonemes [p] [p] [k] [k] [t] [t] [allophones] WW ^^D>dKEZh>^ sE n] ^EKW [k go] n pmn] W www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit