LIN100Y1 Study Guide - Hypercorrection

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31 Dec 2010
School
Department
Course
Professor
Sociolinguistics
-Study of the relationship between society and language
oHow language structures used in discourse are related to the social roles
and/or situations associated with them
Speech community
-Composed of individuals with common word choice, syntax, and pronunciation
oMembers share sociolinguistic norms about language use
oMembers marked by
Sociolinguistic markers: salient, recognized within community as
having particular social meaning
Sociolinguistic indicators: subtle, below the listener’s radar
oSociolinguistic norms affect markers and indicators
Dialect
-A language variety used by a particular group of people
-Non-standard variety as opposed to a language considered the standard variety
oValue judgment
Variety
-Any subset of a language
-What a speech community speaks
-Synonymous with language
-Value-neutral term
Dialectology
-Systematic study of dialects
Variation
-Linguistic features that can be produced in more than one way
-Ex. pronunciation of ‘th’ in thin, that, and thank
Language variation and change
-Area of linguistics that measures and explains the relationship between social
distinctions and linguistic practice
Which is the dialect? Which is the language?
-Mutual intelligibility
oIndividuals from different places can understand each other
oMutual intelligibile, then considered dialects of one language
oMutually unintelligible does not always declare separate languages
-Political boundaries
oSwedish and Norwegian
Mutually intelligible
Sociolinguistic norms:
social conventions
Sociolinguists study
community’s language,
not the speaker’s
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Document Summary

Study of the relationship between society and language: how language structures used in discourse are related to the social roles and/or situations associated with them. Composed of individuals with common word choice, syntax, and pronunciation. Dialect: members share sociolinguistic norms about language use, members marked by. sociolinguistic markers: salient, recognized within community as having particular social meaning. sociolinguistic indicators: subtle, below the listener"s radar: sociolinguistic norms affect markers and indicators. A language variety used by a particular group of people. Non-standard variety as opposed to a language considered the standard variety: value judgment. Linguistic features that can be produced in more than one way. Ex. pronunciation of th" in thin, that, and thank. Area of linguistics that measures and explains the relationship between social distinctions and linguistic practice. Mutual intelligibility: individuals from different places can understand each other, mutual intelligibile, then considered dialects of one language, mutually unintelligible does not always declare separate languages.

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