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LIN100Y1 Study Guide - Syllabary, Norway House

4 Pages
111 Views
Summer 2010

Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN100Y1
Professor
K.Kyumin

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Writing
-The symbolic representation of language by graphic signs or symbols
Development of writing systems
-Writing originated in multiple places, including Mesopotamia, China, and various
Mayan civilizations
Types of writing
-Logographic writing
oSymbols represent morphemes or words
oOldest type of writing
Ex. Sumerian before it evolved into phonographic writing
oPresent in all writing systems
Ex. %, &, $, 15
-Phonographic writing
oSymbols represent syllables or sounds
Occurred once pictures began to be read as words
oSyllabic writing
Signs represent syllables
Well-suited for languages with simple CV and CVC syllabic
structures
Ex. Cree, Japanese
oAlphabetic writing
Symbols represent consonants and vowels
Alphabets ignore non-phonemic phenomena (i.e. consonant
aspiration, vowel nasalization)
Ex. English
Pictograms
-Image of the object or concept represented
-Pictures are precursors of written word, but not writing per se
oEarliest pictographic writing in Sumeria around 5000 years ago
-No presentation of linguistic element (i.e. segments, syllables, morphemes, or
word order)
-Ex. present-day symbols on bathrooms, highways
oIndependent of specific language
Semantic extension
-Meaning extended to abstract concepts
-Ex. Egyptian hieroglyphic for water meaning fresh, cool; Sumerian logogram for
foot meaning to go
oSumerian combined logogram of a head on fire meant anger
Phonetic extension
Syllabary: set of
syllabic signs
Ideas associated
with object
Pictograms
(sem. ext.)
Logographic
Phonographic
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Description
Writing - The symbolic representation of language by graphic signs or symbols Development of writing systems - Writing originated in multiple places, including Mesopotamia, China, and various Mayan civilizations Types of writing - Logographic writing o Symbols represent morphemes or words o Oldest type of writing Ex. Sumerian before it evolved into phonographic writing o Present in all writing systems Ex. %, &, $, 15 - Phonographic writing o Symbols represent syllables or sounds Occurred once pictures began to be read as words o Syllabic writing Syllabary: set of Signs represent syllables syllabic signs Well-suited for languages with simple CV and CVC syllabic structures Ex. Cree, Japanese o Alphabetic writing Symbols represent consonants and vowels Alphabets ignore non-phonemic phenomena (i.e. consonant aspiration, vowel nasalization) Ex. English Pictograms Pictograms - Image of the object or concept represented (sem. ext.) - Pictures are precursors of written word, but not writing per se o Earliest pictographic writing in Sumeria around 5000 years ago Logographic - No presentation of linguistic element (i.e. segments, syllables, morphemes, or Phonographic word order) - Ex. present-day symbols on bathrooms, highways o Independent of specific language Semantic extension Ideas associated - Meaning extended to abstract concepts with object - Ex. Egyptian hieroglyphic for water meaning fresh, cool; Sumerian logogram for foot meaning to go o Sumerian combined logogram of a head on fire meant anger Phonetic extension www.notesolution.com
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