LIN100Y1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Canadian Raising, Vowel Reduction, Complementary Distribution

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Linguistics: study of how language works how it"s used, how it"s acquired, how it changes over time, how it"s represented in the brain . Knowing a language = being able to speak and be understood by others who know that language. The capacity to produce some sounds (/signs for deaf & mute people) that have a certain meaning and to understand and interpret the signs produced by others. The capacity to understand what linguistic constructions (sounds or signs, words, sentences) are possible in a specific language and what constructions are not. The linguistic knowledge is unconscious knowledge: people speaking a specific language are able to explain what constructions are correct or incorrect in that language, but they are not able to explain why. Arbitrary: the relationship b/w sound/word (form) and its meaning. Creativity regulated by systematic constraints; innovation can occur within boundaries set by rules, which are integrant part of our knowledge of language.

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