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Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
M.A.Pouls- Wegner

History of Ancient Egypt N AME: Fall term test, December 3, 2003 Version X Time limit: 2 hours. No notes or other aids permitted. Section 1: Map Please identify the following sites on the map below by writing the name (or number) of the site next to the appropriate dot or feature AND clearly identifying which dot or feature is meant by circling it. (5 sites, worth 2 points each) 1. Heracleopolis (Ahnas) 2. Naqada 3. Buto 4. Beni Hasan 5. Meidum Section 2: Multiple Choice: Please circle the letter which corresponds to the best answer to the following questions. (30 questions, worth 2 points each) 1. The document known as the Turin Canon was written on papyrus in which period? a. the Fifth Dynasty b. the Ptolemaic Period c. the reign of Ramesses II d. the Roman Period 2. The artifact shown at the left displays which important features of the royal titulary? a. the "Personal name" and the son of Horus title b. the Horus name and the serekh c. the Cobra name and the palace façade d. the Seth name and the uraeus 3. The image shown at the left is a statue that depicts the royal power and divine protection of: a. the king who constructed the Step Pyramid complex at Saqqara b. the king who constructed a major pyramid complex that included the sphinx at Giza c. the king who built the Great Pyramid at Giza d. the king who built a Sun Temple at Abu Gurob 4. The Egyptians called the inhabitants of the regions to the west of the Nile valley and the Delta: a. Tjehenu b. Medjayu c. A'amu d. Ca'ananu 5. Manetho a. lived during the Roman Period, about 350 A.D. b. was an Egyptian priest c. compiled a history of ancient Greece which described Egyptian relations with the Aegean d. none of the above 6. The image shown at left, with a design in reddish-brown paint on a buff background, shows a pottery vessel identifiable as: a. "Decorated ware" of the Naqada II period b. an Old Kingdom storage jar c. Middle Kingdom luxury pottery d. a Paleolithic cooking vessel 7. The plan of the site illustrated above provides evidence of the role of the state in constructing settlements during which period of Egyptian history? a. the Eleventh Dynasty b. the Fifth Dynasty c. the Fourth Dynasty d. none of the above 8. The letters of an old farmer named Hekanakht suggest that: a. some temples were exempted from taxation during the Old Kingdom b. there was a reversal of the social order in Egypt during the First Intermediate Period c. there was famine in Egypt during the early Middle Kingdom d. none of the above 9. According to Malek (in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt) and Lehner (inThe Complete Pyramids), the total volume of material involved in the pyramid building activities of which king of the Old Kingdom was the greatest? a. Khufu (Cheops) b. Sneferu (Senefru) c. Khafre (Chephren) d. Pepy II 10. The building projects of the Middle Kingdom in the region of the Fayum included: a. the pyramid complex of Amenemhet III (Amenemhat III) at Hawara b. the inauguration of an irrigation system under Sobeknofret c. the foundation of the temple of Karnak by Senwosret I (Senusret I, Sesostris I) d. all of the above 11. The main object of Egyptian activity in the Sinai peninsula was: a. gold and precious stones b. turquoise and copper c. granite for building purposes d. incense and coniferous timber e. none of the above 12. The earliest known examples of Egyptian writing are found on: a. cylinder seals from the tombs of the Early Dynastic kings at Saqqara b. inscribed labels from tomb U-j at Abydos c. the temple of Horus at Hierakonpolis d. clay nails from Ma'adi 13. The inscriptions that officials of the later Old Kingdom inscribed in their tombs often included: a. the name and official titles of the deceased b. curses aimed at those who desecrated the sanctity of the tomb c. descriptions of the articles of tomb furniture which the king had provided to the deceased as a reward for loyal service d. all of the above 14. A major source for the reconstruction of ancient Egyptian history is the kinglist inscribed on the walls of which monument at the site of Abydos? a. the temple of Umm el-Ga'ab b. the tomb of Djer c. the temple of Seti I d. none of the above 15. Djoser's (Netjerkhet's) mortuary complex at Saqqara a. was planned and constucted under the supervision of Imhotep, who held the titles of overseer of works and high priest of Heliopolis b. seems to embody the desire to translate architectural elements made out of perishable materials into stone c. incorporates a number of elements that tie the complex to the celebration of the Heb- Sed festival, a time of symbolic rejuvenation for the king d. all of the above 16. The ancient Egyptian calendar consisted of: a. 12 months of 30 days each, plus 5 epagomenal days b. 11 months of either 30 or 31 days each, 1 month of 28 days, and 1 epagomenal day every four years c. 13 lunar months of 28 days, plus 1 epagomenal day d. 10 months of 36 days each, plus 5 epagomenal days 17. The autobiographical inscription of Harkuf from his tomb at Qubbet el-Hawa, near Aswan, recounts his journey to Nubia, in which he brought a dancing dwarf back to the Egyptian court for the entertainment of the king: a. Pepy II b. Khafre c. Djedefre d. Teti 18. According to both Manetho and the Turin Canon, the founder of the First Dynasty and the first king to rule over the unified area of Upper and Lower Egypt was called: a. Menes b. Narmer c. Aha d. Scorpion 19. The image shown at the left is depicted on which major monument of the Protodynastic Period? a. the Macehead of Scorpion
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