New232 final notes.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
New College
Tony Toneatto

¬Compare Freud and Buddhist psychology Freud Buddhism Similar 3 marks of existence 3 marks of existence = transience = impermanence = suffering = suffering = ego = emptiness of self 3 buddhist motivations 3 buddhist motivations =lust = desire = aversion =aggression =unconscious/preconscious = ignorance - expansion of cognition & self - expansion of cognition & self knowledge knowledge 3 cravings: 3 cravings: 1. self preservation 1. sensation 2. narcissism and ego ideal 2. existence 3. thanatos 3. non existence MINDFUL ATTENTION BARE ATTENTION - absence of critical judgment - equanimity - even, equal, impartial attention - evenly suspended attention hypnosis tranquility meditation free association insight meditation primary into secondary narcissism skandhas to self Noble Truths: Noble Truths: 1. suffering 1. the truth of dukkha 2. craving- pleasure principle 2. the truth of craving 3. reality principle 3. the possibility of cessation 4. socially acceptable ways 4. cessation through mindfulness Repetition compulsion: 12 links of D/O Different content oriented - annuyasa elements are not all included within freud’s unconscious -process oriented ¬Compare Jung and Buddhist psychology Jung & Buddhism Similar believed Buddhist teachings could lead to higher human functioning individuation= meditation practice consciousness= mindfulness greater awareness of one’s self leads to an interconnectedness of oneself and others, similar to dependent origination shadow= 3 unconscious motivations/instincts (desire, lust, aversion, hatred) being open in personality= an individuated person is flexible and adaptive (empty) similar notion of no self-empty self no inherent self Nirvana similar to Buddha (positive non-existence) - complete withdrawal of projections - detachment of consciousness - -did not think it was possible to eliminate suffering, just reduce it. Different did not reduce spiritual experiences to regression or infantile narcissism didn’t think healing of psychopathology as a purpose of psychoanalysis or medical intervention ¬Compare behavioral (Skinner) and Buddhist psychology Skinner & Buddhist Psych Similar sutras relate to behaviorism -empirical - here/now focused -a-theoretical -all behavior has causes or triggers which makes it deterministic -FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS similar to D/O -Counterconditioning= right effort Different - animal psych doesn't relate to buddhism - mental events are non-causal in behaviorism but causal in buddhism prediction/control of behavior for behaviorism and attainment of wisdom buddhist psych includes the unconscious behaviorism avoids introspection ¬Compare cognitive and Buddhist psychology Cognitive psych & Buddhism Similar - influence from mental processes are causal -CB tries to identify distorted thinking -self is viewed as schemas of past experience. -right..view/thought/effort/mindfulness are consistent for cog. psych SIMILARITIES TO PRAPANCA 1. all or nothing thinking 2. overgeneralization 3. mental filter 4. disqualifying the positive 5. jumping to conclusions 6, magnifying or minimizing 7. emotional reasoning 8. “should” statements 9. mind reading
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