Exam-Short answers.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL206H1
Professor
Deborah Black
Semester
Winter

Description
Whether the existence of God is self evident? According to Aquinas some thing can be self evident in two ways: 1. self evident in itself but not to us 2. self evident itself and to us In a sentence if both the predicate and the subject is know to us completely it is both self evident to us and in itself, but if we only the predicate or the subject alone it is self evident in itself but not to us. Let take the example of a proposition that the “Universe is expanding” I know what expansion mean based on my daily experience; but I don’t really know Universe in its essence, or what it mean that the universe is expanding. Hence this proposition is self evident in itself but is not self evident to me because I don’t know it completely. Furthermore a cosmologist may know it completely and this proposition is self evident to a cosmologist and in itself. This would mean that if we know some thing completely then that thing is self evident in itself and to us but if we don’t know it completely it is only self evident in itself .For example in this sentence “Man is an animal” we know the subject “Man” in its essence, and its predicate is also know to us, therefore this proposition is self evident in itself and to us. Now the proposition that “God exists” is self evident in itself but not to us, because we as human beings don’t know the subject God completely in its essence hence it is not self evident to us but is in itself. We therefore need demonstration
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