PHL 246: Mid-Term Exam, October 17, 2013
Answer the following 10 questions in as short a way as possible. Each question is worth 12.5% points.
We will ignore the 2 answers with the lowest score so that the maximum score is 100% points.
Question 1: Who is your favorite probability theorist/inductive logician? (Justin Bieber and Carly Rae
Jepsen do not count, and Kathleen Wynne and Rob Ford are borderline casesthat would only get you
Question 2: Complete the following true sentence.
Data (evidence) can come from CONTROLLED experiments and from ... observations.
Question 3: What does the Principle of Induction say? Alternatively: what does the Principle of
Instantial Induction say?
From (the premise/evidence): …
You may infer (the conclusion/hypothesis): …
Question 4 and Question 5: Formulate Hume’s argument for the thesis that it is impossible for us to
justify the principle of induction.
Premise 1: In order to justify the principle of induction we have to provide a deductively valid or an
inductively strong argu