Dworkin Exam Notes
Suggest that its not rights we should focus on in the abortion issue. The answer may lie
in sancity of life. The arguments about a personhood and rights of a fetus are irrelevant
because an early term fetus can’t have rights because it has not interests.
If exceptions of abortion are given to people who were raped and in cases where
mothers life is threatened. (acceptance of Thomson)
No one treats the early term fetus as a person.
No one treats the death of early term fetus as trivial
Does not try to take a side in the ebate, but to understand what is the reason behind the
i. Once this disagreement is understood, the a liberal legal position on abortion
ii. The political issue (type 2 Q) not our concern right now
Gives value to life
Death is a shame, but not equally a shame
The amount of investment made in the human life and how much of it is redeemed
gives the impact of the loss of the life.
Each life is sacred and natural. Though we can evaluate how they lived it, while
respecting it as irreplaceable: ex: mother Theresa, satlin, Einstein etc.
1) What are the values Dworkin describes to bring out his point?
i) Subjective: reflects a person’s desires and perferences. Not compelling to others, but
compels to him. I like books, doesn’t mean others likes them.
ii) Objective: don’t depend on individuals preferences and desires
(a) Should be recognized by others. Lik eknowledge, great art, other achievements
iii) Instrumental: value accruse to things that promote other kidns of values
(a) Cash, health, training in music
iv) Final value: emobidies by things that are good in themselves, not as meas to anything else.
(a) Pleasure, eudaimonia, knowledge
(b) This is objective
(c) Some things with intrinsic value is irreplaceable: they exist only once, and it would
be a tragic loss