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Final

Lucretious and Nagel Death Exam Notes.docx
Lucretious and Nagel Death Exam Notes.docx

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School
University of Toronto St. George
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL281H1
Professor
Donald Ainslie
Semester
Winter

Description
Death Final Exam Questions 1. How should we recognize our mortality, what should we make of it for ourselves? o According to the personal value defined by R Dworkin… 2. Should the following personalities suicide themselves? If so why? a. Someone in severe pain which cannot be lessened, or can only be lessened in such a way that she is left in a stupor b. A university student who has just ‘set out’ in life c. A 90-year old, who has had a family and/or a career, and has been a success at both; but she’s ready to die d. A 90-year old, who has had a family and/or a career, and has been a success at both; but she’s ready to die e. A 90-year old man, who has just married for the first time (say, a 25-year-old woman) and has just started to build a family, after devoting many years to his career. f. A 50-year old, former television executive, who has had a severe accident which has left her with the mind of a 3-year-old. She’s happy — as a three-year-old, though. g. A 50-year old, former television executive, who has had a severe accident which has left her with the mind of a 3-year-old. She’s happy — as a three-year-old, though. 3. What stance does Lucretious hold on death? a. When you are alive death is not with you. When death is you, you are not. Examples? b. Death is not good nor bad.examples??? c. You shouldn’t fear or welcome death. Examples??? 4. What are the main arguments given by Luctretious on death? a. Only things that you experience can harm or benefit you b. You can only experience something whn you exist c. You do not exist when you are dead d. Death does not harm or benefit you 5. Lucretious subsidiary argument a. Your prenatal non existence neither harms nor benefits you b. There is no difference in kind betweem prenatal and posthumous non existanece c. Your ostthumous non existence – your death – neither harms nor benefits you 6. Lucretious therefore concludes: that the fear or welcoming of death is from the confused supposition of afterlife, or of continued experience when one is a corpse. 7. What are the problems associated with Lucretious view? a. It overlooks directionality of time b. Can welcome or fear the cessation of a bad or good expericen as well as the occurrence of it – the life you leave behind, fear to lose your loved ones. Fear to leave behind your family. c. Maybe people fear dying, not death – the moment of dying itself d. Religious commitments to life after death Nagel 1. What does Nagel argue for a. He argues against the Epicureans that death is always a harm to the one who suffers it “Epicurus believed that what he called "pleasure" is the greatest good, but the way to attain such pleasure is to live modestly and to gain knowledge of the workings of the world and the limits of one's desires. This led one to attain a state of tranquility (ataraxia) and freedom from fear, as well as absence of bodily pain.” Death is nothing to us; for that which is dissolved, is without sensation, and that which lacks sensation is nothing to us." 2. What are the challenges imposed by the Epicurean view? a. Can you be harmed by something you don’t experience?
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