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Study Guides for Philosophy at University of Toronto St. George

PHL281H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: James Childress, Mark Siegler, Plastic Surgery

Models and Metaphors of Medicine Drawing on James Childress and Mark Siegler, discuss some of the ideas conveyed in the model of the doctor as father-figure? Why might people object to that model? Physician as father figur...

Philosophy
PHL281H1
Andrew Franklin- Hall
PHL100Y1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Consequentialism

MILL 13. Mill claims that to think of an object as desirable (unless for the sake of its consequences), and to think of it as pleasant, are one and the same thing. Is this true? Why, or why not? - Its impossible to desire ...

Philosophy
PHL100Y1
Ronald De Souza
PHL100Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Hypothetical Imperative, Categorical Imperative, Rationality

KANT 9. For Kant, what does it mean to say that morality applies to all rational beings as such? Assuming that common-sense morality applies primarily to humans, does Kants claim restrict or does it expand the class of bei...

Philosophy
PHL100Y1
Ronald De Souza
PHL100Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Friedrich Nietzsche

NIETZSCHE 17. What exactly is the ascetic ideal, and what are some of the many ways in which the ascetic ideal is interpreted? -Asceticism is the denial of pleasures and impulses, reasoning there is greater value in abstin...

Philosophy
PHL100Y1
Ronald De Souza
PHL100Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Common Good

HOBBES 1. Hobbes argues that the state results from a covenant or contract. Who are the parties to that covenant, and what are the terms to which the parties thereby consent? That covenant gives specific powers to a Sovere...

Philosophy
PHL100Y1
Ronald De Souza
PHL100Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Justice As Fairness, Thought Experiment

RAWLS 25. What is the intuitive meaning of justice that forms the starting point of Rawls article? Justice concerns the basic structure of society, because it deals with various social positions that determine different ex...

Philosophy
PHL100Y1
Ronald De Souza
PHL100Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Simone De Beauvoir, Existence Precedes Essence, Jean-Paul Sartre

SARTRE and DE BEAUVOIR 21. Sartre gives two characterizations of existentialism, referring to existence, essence, and subjectivity. Explain these characterizations: what reasons support them, and how are they related? 1. M...

Philosophy
PHL100Y1
Ronald De Souza
PHL265H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Wilt Chamberlain, John Rawls, Lockean Proviso

Nozick Libertarianism Capitalism: The economic system based on private ownership of property and private enterprise. Under this system all, or a major proportion of, economic activity is undertaken by private profit-seekin...

Philosophy
PHL265H1
S. Swarup
PHL265H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Analytical Marxism, Analytic Philosophy, Class Conflict

MarxismJustice (Intro to Marxism) Historical Marxism: development of human societies was determined by class struggle by means of economic production As a result, proleteriat overthrows capitalism Progression: Capitalism >...

Philosophy
PHL265H1
S. Swarup
PHL265H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Intuitionism, Justice As Fairness, Resource Distribution

RawlsLiberal Equality Intuitionism: Alternative to utilitarianism Types of intuitionism Common sense intuitionism: groups of precepts apply to different problems, balance conditions based on each Precepts: general rules re...

Philosophy
PHL265H1
S. Swarup
PHL265H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Libertarianism, Basic Income, Compensatory Education

Dworkinresource equality Ambition sensitive vs endowment sensitive: Two distributive schemes Ambitions: choices Endowment: brute luck Equality: Defined as an envy free distribution of resources Dworkins: a just distributio...

Philosophy
PHL265H1
S. Swarup

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