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POL101Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Kyoto Protocol, Global Governance, Complex Interdependence

Political Science
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Study Guide

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POL101 Tutorial
April 4th, 2011
Global governance, & governance beyond the state for one of the essay questions
Neoliberal Institutionalism
Neoliberal institutionalism (theory of IR): complex interdependence, states are
the relevant units of analysis, act according to their national interests
Realists think that international organizations are tools for the powerful to
exercise their interests
Neoliberal institutionalists believe institutions matter in themselves
Zero-sum, positive sums
Mitigate the affects of anarchy; overcome collective action problems (individual
has to take on a cost, or free ride assuming that someone else will do it; problem
of organizing people into groups in order to do something) international
Collective problems internationally are commons problems (how to manage
common resources)
Everyone has an interest in free-riding, and hopes someone else will fix it
What does global governance look like?
World trade organization sets up rules for how trade can happen, provided the
rules of the game for international trade
Kyoto Protocol sets out goals & targets that countries should aspire to
G20, G8 deliberative forum (countries get together)
Different inter-governmental organizations in which countries get together to deal
with certain issues
Functional specialization (world health organization that deals with global
epidemics, international automatic energy agency meltdown in Japan)
Challenges to global governance:
Collective action
Tension between the interests of the state (states answer to their own
constituents, than figuring out a way to deal with issues such as climate change)
AND the needs of cooperation
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