Global Governance: Promise and Challenges For second term exam
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Monday March 14, 2011
Global Governance: Promise and Challenges
- Governance: process of governing
Global governance and the international system
- Anarchic international system – Realism (Realist point of view)
o States are the core of the international system
o States act on their national self-interest
o States are most concerned with relative power. (if we are a country with lesser
power how do we ensure that stronger countries don`t take us over)
o The game of international politics is a zero-sum policy. One states gain is another
o It is assumed that the international system is prone to conflict.
- League of Nations and collective security
o All states would agree that aggressive action by other states is illegal.
o If one state acts aggressively to another state, the other states will band together
and punish the one state.
Worked on deterrence, if you knew you were going to be attacked you
wouldn`t do it.
- Neoliberal institutionalism
Presume that the international system is anarchic
We live in one where there is complex interdependence. It is
within this where we cooperate in which all states benefit.
Of course some states will benefit more or less but by cooperating,
all states will experience a net benefit.
o Positive sum
o Rules and norms
States by cooperating with eachother can create rules of the game.
- International organizations and regimes
o EMU, Agricultural policy in Europe, Breton Woods (lowering tariffs
progressively to fix tax rates).
UN System of States
- To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective
measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace…
- To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal
rights and self-determination of peoples…
- To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic,
social, cultural, or humanitarian character…; and
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