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Midterm

POL101Y1 Midterm: PolSci Midterm ReviewPremium

2 pages159 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Charles Hoffman
Study Guide
Midterm

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PolSci Midterm Review
Climate Change: When talking about this topic, talk about the politics of climate change
Greenhouse gas emissions: know the difference between Emissions (Absolute, Per
Capita, Historical, Current, Production, Consumption)
IPCC: community of scientists that have advanced knowledge on climate change,
significant because they help mold the norm surrounding the action of climate change,
first to really initiate climate change action. Critical part of how the conversation got
started and play a role in the community that have authoritative knowledge on climate
change and the consequences of it. Overtime, however, their significance has gone
down because once the conversation got started, it became more of a debate on north-
south, etc. and became much more political. The scientific community still exists, but
they don't have that much of an influence in directing climate change negotiations
anymore.
UNFCCC: First major framework for global action on climate change
The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities came out
In terms of setting legally binding targets to tackling emissions didn’t come out
until the Kyoto Protocol.
Kyoto Protocol was the first legally binding agreement that set very specific targets on
reducing emissions. Considered breakthrough moment for climate change governance
Universal participation and CBDR
Precautionary principle: EU initiated this principle when they wanted all countries to
act on climate change. You should act on climate change before you see the
consequences of it
Public goods: universal (air, water, etc.), a collective action issue in regards to climate
change.
Agenda setting: how different political actors at international levels set political
agendas, or local actors such as NGOs setting agendas on climate change
Bargaining, Implementation, Monitoring, Revision
Revision: once you have reported on fulfilling commitments, you have to update
your commitments and go about following the next steps.
Regimes
Climate change regime - collection of institutions that have rules, norms,
guidelines, that form them. Certain rules and ideas got passed down from one
treaty to another, such as CBDR. It was used in UNFCCC, Kyoto, and Paris
Agreement
Authoritarian regimes: China, for example, is making its own initiative to deal with
climate change, sees renewable market as profitable market
Corporatist system: labor unions, different corporations, they all come together and
agree on a set of policies and how to go about implementing them
Ex: Germany
Pluralist system: multiple interest groups trying to get the attention of the government
to implement policies in favor of their views
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