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A study guide going over the key points of every lecture

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein
Study Guide

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Democracy War and Peace Study Guide
Lecture1: Introduction to Politics
x Politics is the multi-lateral study of the interactions of people
x The social nature of the human being draws people into political processes; politics is therefore
x The post cold war period has led to the rise of democracy with the fall of communist power
x Democracy remains the ruling form of government since its enemies, communism and fascism,
have been defeated
x Western democratic ideas dominate the world today
x Hegelian thought: ideas are the basis of all politics; conflicts between states are the conflicts of
x The end of history is upon us since the world is in a state of uniform democratic comfort
x Huntington: criticizes Fukuyama and Hegel by inferring that they have a narrow view of history
x Huntington believes that there still is a clash between modern ideas, a conflict of civilisation
x The differences of interest, and ideas lead to conflict between states
x Huntington implies the West against the world
Lecture 2:
x Key point: ancient liberty versus modern liberty
x Ancient liberty involved the citizenry actively participating in the political process by voting on
laws, military actions and other policies at a forum or discussion square
x The result was a class based commitment system that led to a collective freedom for the entire
x Modern liberty involves the state and its institutions providing representation and a voice for
the citizens
x dZ]]ÌvZÀZ(}u(}u[ political processes and preserve their individual liberties; they
serve themselves and the state serves them
x Constant is a perfect example of a liberal
x Liberalism allows freedom for each individual to choose
Lecture 3:
x Key point: history is the study of class struggle (Marx)
x Conflicts are not fought between states but between the interests of their respective ruling
x Materialism: we produce the means of our own existence
x Superstructure: everything is the result of the production process
x Ideology only exists to justify state power
x Classes rise with claims that they are taking control for the greater good
x The bourgeois class acts to ensure that the proletariat is kept in check
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