-ontario saw the free-trade pact with the United States – the end of the old National
Policy – as evidence that Ottawa was promoting the rest of Canada at its expense.
lecture 4 reading, savoie. strengthening policy capacity og gvmt
-gvmts not very capable in formulationg policy etc. because of the shift to a more
ideological or politicized style of policy and decision making, the government overload
problem, bureaucracy bashing, public scepticism about the role of government, the
need for public consultation at every turn and what has been labelled a lost generation
of young policy analysts.
-political parties little more than election day organizations, have limited capacity to
carry out research and to map out emerging public policy issues.
--questioning the public service. has it become too powerful in setting gvmt policy, and
the gvmt officials are poor managers.
what can the Ontario government learn from the above? There are a number of lessons
• Strengthening the ability of government to plan, to think strategically and to
anticipate policy challenges can never be just a techno
• There is a need to strengthen the policy advisory capacity of career officials. For a
variety of reasons outlined above, including the numerous shifts in the sources of
policy advice, governments everywhere have tended to devalue the role of public
servants as policy advisors. Few ministers have any experience in the substance of
the policies for which they are responsible and they need to look to career officials
as allies, albeit non partisan ones.
• Government and their departments are perceived to be overloaded with functions
and activities. The government of Ontario could secure better flexibility and
purposefulness by reducing its functions, by transfering some of its activities to
program and service delivery agencies and to local or regional governments (see
the Finnish government).
LECTURE 5: ELECTORAL SYSTEM.
“Ontario’s Referendum on Proportional Representation: Why Citizens Said No.”
-focus on reforms to legitimize government.
-gvmt has established fixed election dates, to modernize elections
-citizens assembly on elctoral reform
-democratic deficit. declining voter turnout and leverls of public trust and confidence in political
institutions and disengagement of youth from process