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Final

Study Notes

8 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Hjartarson

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Lecture 2: post modern ontario and the laurentian thesis:
-ontario was based on premise that everyone else could speak ill of ontario while ontario
bankrolled the country.
-ontario prosperity used to be based on high tariffs and ample resources shaken with oil and
energy shocks of 1970s. end of 1980s, bottom began falling out.
happened because:
-free trade agreement with US showed that canada could not assume its place in canada
or the world
-federal gvmt changed the rules on cost sharing to the disadvantage of ontario
-ottawa also imposed high interest rat policy and introduced cutbacks just at the moment
of great vulnerability for ontario
**ontario had to face crisis alone with little help from ottawa
what is happening? is ontario changing from federal focus?
-are ontarians thinking of themselves more as such and less of canadians? is it becoming a
region?
-ontario was viewed as place that has done best in canada least alienated etc
-not disadvantaged by position in confederation, etc
reality underlining conventional understanding of ontario:
1. size and dominance has meant that national policy was typically cast in pro ontario light.
2. ontario has been and is in favour of strong central gvmt
3. political activites directed more towards federal htan proincial
4. mgmt of big layers of economic stability have been carried out with ontario economy in mind
5.would rather block federal or sister province intiaties contrary to ontarios interests than acquire
greter provincial powers to pursure interests autonomously
6.ontario has traditionally supported erection and maintenance of barriers to intl trade and
elimination of barriers to domestic trade
7. wasnt until 1980s innovator in social policy
social and economic factors:
-huge immigration
***1990, cappng the CAP, canada assistance plan. put lid on growth in CAP transfers to
provinces not receiving equalization. ie. ontario alberta n BC. frontal assault on these provinces.
esp, ON where recession was fiercest
******CAP the CAP provoked huge reconsideration within gvmt of ontario of the costs and
benefits of federalism,
ontario not being treated fairly by federal
ontario transforming in deep permanent ways:
1. impact of immigration on ontario community
2. nature of development of ontarios partners in confederation
www.notesolution.com
3. ontarios geo-economic situation
-ontario less reliant on canadian market and more reliant on US market in output of
primary and manufactured goods
-ontario contributing more than any other province to redistribution fr other
provinces.
LAURENTIAN THESIS:
= st lawerence river system heart of continent, commerical empire of country.
LECTURE 3 READING: THE NEW ONTARIO (SHIFTING ATTITUDES TOWARD
FEDERATION)
-attitudes shifting. from 1998-2005 ontario was unique in believing home province was treated
well in federation. today now believe there are inequities in federation that must be addressed.
-two defining features of ontarios make up since ww2 were the lack of proovincial idenity and
that federation generally worked in ontarios interests.
ontario often counted on to play honest broker, mediating conflictand supporting federal gvmts
efforts
*perceptions of disrespect have increased far more in ontario than elsehere. have virtually
doubled since 2004
*perceptions of ontarios influence decreasing
*ontarios increased sense of dissatisfaction with the federation, 63% believe province receives
less than fair share of fiscal transfers. major break with past when only 37percent thought ontario
received less than fair share now its overalnational average
**trends do not reflect ontarios sense of identity. still identify less with province
***ontarians continue to have strongest sense of canadian identiyy in country but are
increasingly similar with other canadians that province treated unfairly in federatoin
=+ ontario stands out with steepness of slide, leads in growth of dissatisfaction
will it continue??
ONTARIO: THE PROVINCE THAT THINKS ITS CANADA:
-ontarians coming together to assert themselves in face of unfairness caused by financial
arrangments btwn federal and provincial
-feeling in Ontario that the 1988 U.S. free-trade pact broke the bargain of Confederation in which
Canadians bought their manufactured goods from Ontario in return for a recycling of some of its
wealth through programs such as equalization.
www.notesolution.com
-ontario saw the free-trade pact with the United States – the end of the old National
Policy – as evidence that Ottawa was promoting the rest of Canada at its expense.
lecture 4 reading, savoie. strengthening policy capacity og gvmt
-gvmts not very capable in formulationg policy etc. because of the shift to a more
ideological or politicized style of policy and decision making, the government overload
problem, bureaucracy bashing, public scepticism about the role of government, the
need for public consultation at every turn and what has been labelled a lost generation
of young policy analysts.
-political parties little more than election day organizations, have limited capacity to
carry out research and to map out emerging public policy issues.
--questioning the public service. has it become too powerful in setting gvmt policy, and
the gvmt officials are poor managers.
what can the Ontario government learn from the above? There are a number of lessons
learned, notably:
• Strengthening the ability of government to plan, to think strategically and to
anticipate policy challenges can never be just a techno
• There is a need to strengthen the policy advisory capacity of career officials. For a
variety of reasons outlined above, including the numerous shifts in the sources of
policy advice, governments everywhere have tended to devalue the role of public
servants as policy advisors. Few ministers have any experience in the substance of
the policies for which they are responsible and they need to look to career officials
as allies, albeit non partisan ones.
• Government and their departments are perceived to be overloaded with functions
and activities. The government of Ontario could secure better flexibility and
purposefulness by reducing its functions, by transfering some of its activities to
program and service delivery agencies and to local or regional governments (see
the Finnish government).
LECTURE 5: ELECTORAL SYSTEM.
Ontarios Referendum on Proportional Representation: Why Citizens Said No.
-focus on reforms to legitimize government.
-gvmt has established fixed election dates, to modernize elections
-citizens assembly on elctoral reform
-democratic deficit. declining voter turnout and leverls of public trust and confidence in political
institutions and disengagement of youth from process
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 2: post modern ontario and the laurentian thesis: -ontario was based on premise that everyone else could speak ill of ontario while ontario bankrolled the country. -ontario prosperity used to be based on high tariffs and ample resources shaken with oil and energy shocks of 1970s. end of 1980s, bottom began falling out. happened because: -free trade agreement with US showed that canada could not assume its place in canada or the world -federal gvmt changed the rules on cost sharing to the disadvantage of ontario -ottawa also imposed high interest rat policy and introduced cutbacks just at the moment of great vulnerability for ontario **ontario had to face crisis alone with little help from ottawa what is happening? is ontario changing from federal focus? -are ontarians thinking of themselves more as such and less of canadians? is it becoming a region? -ontario was viewed as place that has done best in canada least alienated etc -not disadvantaged by position in confederation, etc reality underlining conventional understanding of ontario: 1. size and dominance has meant that national policy was typically cast in pro ontario light. 2. ontario has been and is in favour of strong central gvmt 3. political activites directed more towards federal htan proincial 4. mgmt of big layers of economic stability have been carried out with ontario economy in mind 5.would rather block federal or sister province intiaties contrary to ontarios interests than acquire greter provincial powers to pursure interests autonomously 6.ontario has traditionally supported erection and maintenance of barriers to intl trade and elimination of barriers to domestic trade 7. wasnt until 1980s innovator in social policy social and economic factors: -huge immigration ***1990, cappng the CAP, canada assistance plan. put lid on growth in CAP transfers to provinces not receiving equalization. ie. ontario alberta n BC. frontal assault on these provinces. esp, ON where recession was fiercest ******CAP the CAP provoked huge reconsideration within gvmt of ontario of the costs and benefits of federalism, ontario not being treated fairly by federal ontario transforming in deep permanent ways: 1. impact of immigration on ontario community 2. nature of development of ontarios partners in confederation www.notesolution.com
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